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Title: Corona method and apparatus for altering carbon containing compounds

Abstract

The present invention is a method and apparatus for altering a carbon containing compound in an aqueous mixture. According to a first aspect of the present invention, it has been discovered that for an aqueous mixture having a carbon containing compound with an ozone reaction rate less than the ozone reaction rate of pentachlorophenol, use of corona discharge in a low or non-oxidizing atmosphere increases the rate of destruction of the carbon containing compound compared to corona discharge an oxidizing atmosphere. For an aqueous mixture containing pentachlorphenol, there was essentially no difference in destruction between atmospheres. According to a second aspect of the present invention, it has been further discovered that an aqueous mixture having a carbon containing compound in the presence of a catalyst and oxygen resulted in an increased destruction rate of the carbon containing compound compared to no catalyst.

Inventors:
 [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. Richland, WA
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
Battelle Memorial Institute, Columbus, OH (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
872644
Patent Number(s):
5980701
Assignee:
Battelle Memorial Institute (Richland, WA)
Patent Classifications (CPCs):
B - PERFORMING OPERATIONS B01 - PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL B01J - CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY
A - HUMAN NECESSITIES A62 - LIFE-SAVING A62D - CHEMICAL MEANS FOR EXTINGUISHING FIRES OR FOR COMBATING OR PROTECTING AGAINST HARMFUL CHEMICAL AGENTS
DOE Contract Number:  
AC06-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
corona; method; apparatus; altering; carbon; containing; compounds; compound; aqueous; mixture; according; aspect; discovered; ozone; reaction; rate; pentachlorophenol; discharge; non-oxidizing; atmosphere; increases; destruction; compared; oxidizing; pentachlorphenol; essentially; difference; atmospheres; presence; catalyst; oxygen; resulted; increased; containing compound; non-oxidizing atmosphere; corona discharge; reaction rate; aqueous mixture; mixture containing; carbon containing; oxidizing atmosphere; containing compounds; /204/588/

Citation Formats

Sharma, Amit K, Camaioni, Donald M, and Josephson, Gary B. Corona method and apparatus for altering carbon containing compounds. United States: N. p., 1999. Web.
Sharma, Amit K, Camaioni, Donald M, & Josephson, Gary B. Corona method and apparatus for altering carbon containing compounds. United States.
Sharma, Amit K, Camaioni, Donald M, and Josephson, Gary B. Fri . "Corona method and apparatus for altering carbon containing compounds". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/872644.
@article{osti_872644,
title = {Corona method and apparatus for altering carbon containing compounds},
author = {Sharma, Amit K and Camaioni, Donald M and Josephson, Gary B},
abstractNote = {The present invention is a method and apparatus for altering a carbon containing compound in an aqueous mixture. According to a first aspect of the present invention, it has been discovered that for an aqueous mixture having a carbon containing compound with an ozone reaction rate less than the ozone reaction rate of pentachlorophenol, use of corona discharge in a low or non-oxidizing atmosphere increases the rate of destruction of the carbon containing compound compared to corona discharge an oxidizing atmosphere. For an aqueous mixture containing pentachlorphenol, there was essentially no difference in destruction between atmospheres. According to a second aspect of the present invention, it has been further discovered that an aqueous mixture having a carbon containing compound in the presence of a catalyst and oxygen resulted in an increased destruction rate of the carbon containing compound compared to no catalyst.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1999},
month = {1}
}

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Works referenced in this record:

Glow-discharge electrolysis. Part II. The anodic oxidation of ferrous sulphate
journal, January 1954


Electrochemical Processes in Glow Discharge at the Gas-Solution Interface
book, January 1971


686. Glow-discharge electrolysis. Part I. The anodic formation of hydrogen peroxide in inert electrolytes
journal, January 1952