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Title: Use of serospecific biocarrier compositions for enhanced biodegradation and bioremediation of groundwater

Abstract

A composition and method for using the composition for degrading pollutants in-situ. The composition comprises a biocarrier coated with an antigen-specific antibody that attracts and binds pollution-degrading antigens. The biocarrier, which is preferably in the form of glass microspheres, is coated with one or more strains of antibody. The antibody may be placed into the ground in or near the source of pollutants where it may attract antigens present and bind them, or the antibodies may be first exposed to the antigens and then placed in the ground. Alternatively, the coated biocarriers may be used to degrade pollutants in ground water pumped to the surface and through a biofilter containing the biocarriers. The remediated groundwater can then be returned to the soil.

Inventors:
 [1]
  1. Augusta, GA
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
Savannah River Site (SRS), Aiken, SC (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
872628
Patent Number(s):
5976867
Assignee:
United States of America as represented by Department of Energy (Washington, DC)
Patent Classifications (CPCs):
B - PERFORMING OPERATIONS B09 - DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE B09C - RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
C - CHEMISTRY C02 - TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE C02F - TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
DOE Contract Number:  
AC09-89SR18035
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
serospecific; biocarrier; compositions; enhanced; biodegradation; bioremediation; groundwater; composition; method; degrading; pollutants; in-situ; comprises; coated; antigen-specific; antibody; attracts; binds; pollution-degrading; antigens; preferably; form; glass; microspheres; strains; placed; ground; near; source; attract; bind; antibodies; exposed; alternatively; biocarriers; degrade; water; pumped; surface; biofilter; containing; remediated; returned; soil; ground water; composition comprises; glass microspheres; glass microsphere; filter containing; enhanced biodegradation; degrading pollutants; /435/530/

Citation Formats

Fliermans, Carl B. Use of serospecific biocarrier compositions for enhanced biodegradation and bioremediation of groundwater. United States: N. p., 1999. Web.
Fliermans, Carl B. Use of serospecific biocarrier compositions for enhanced biodegradation and bioremediation of groundwater. United States.
Fliermans, Carl B. Fri . "Use of serospecific biocarrier compositions for enhanced biodegradation and bioremediation of groundwater". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/872628.
@article{osti_872628,
title = {Use of serospecific biocarrier compositions for enhanced biodegradation and bioremediation of groundwater},
author = {Fliermans, Carl B},
abstractNote = {A composition and method for using the composition for degrading pollutants in-situ. The composition comprises a biocarrier coated with an antigen-specific antibody that attracts and binds pollution-degrading antigens. The biocarrier, which is preferably in the form of glass microspheres, is coated with one or more strains of antibody. The antibody may be placed into the ground in or near the source of pollutants where it may attract antigens present and bind them, or the antibodies may be first exposed to the antigens and then placed in the ground. Alternatively, the coated biocarriers may be used to degrade pollutants in ground water pumped to the surface and through a biofilter containing the biocarriers. The remediated groundwater can then be returned to the soil.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1999},
month = {1}
}

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Works referenced in this record:

Application of immobilized hydrogenase for the detritiation of water
journal, July 1981