DOE Patents title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Biological production of acetic acid from waste gases with Clostridium ljungdahlii

Abstract

A method and apparatus for converting waste gases from industrial processes such as oil refining, carbon black, coke, ammonia, and methanol production, into useful products. The method includes introducing the waste gases into a bioreactor where they are fermented to various organic acids or alcohols by anaerobic bacteria within the bioreactor. These valuable end products are then recovered, separated and purified. In an exemplary recovery process, the bioreactor raffinate is passed through an extraction chamber into which one or more non-inhibitory solvents are simultaneously introduced to extract the product. Then, the product is separated from the solvent by distillation. Gas conversion rates can be maximized by use of centrifuges, hollow fiber membranes, or other means of ultrafiltration to return entrained anaerobic bacteria from the bioreactor raffinate to the bioreactor itself, thus insuring the highest possible cell concentration.

Inventors:
 [1]
  1. Fayetteville, AR
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
Bioengineering Resources Inc
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
871840
Patent Number(s):
5807722
Assignee:
Bioengineering Resources, Inc. (Fayetteville, AR)
Patent Classifications (CPCs):
C - CHEMISTRY C12 - BIOCHEMISTRY C12M - APPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY
C - CHEMISTRY C12 - BIOCHEMISTRY C12P - FERMENTATION OR ENZYME-USING PROCESSES TO SYNTHESISE A DESIRED CHEMICAL COMPOUND OR COMPOSITION OR TO SEPARATE OPTICAL ISOMERS FROM A RACEMIC MIXTURE {
DOE Contract Number:  
FC02-90CE40939
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
biological; production; acetic; acid; waste; gases; clostridium; ljungdahlii; method; apparatus; converting; industrial; processes; oil; refining; carbon; black; coke; ammonia; methanol; useful; products; introducing; bioreactor; fermented; various; organic; acids; alcohols; anaerobic; bacteria; valuable; recovered; separated; purified; exemplary; recovery; process; raffinate; passed; extraction; chamber; non-inhibitory; solvents; simultaneously; introduced; extract; product; solvent; distillation; gas; conversion; rates; maximized; centrifuges; hollow; fiber; membranes; means; ultrafiltration; return; entrained; insuring; cell; concentration; gas conversion; waste gases; industrial processes; acetic acid; ethanol production; useful products; waste gas; recovery process; industrial process; carbon black; anaerobic bacteria; organic acids; organic acid; methanol production; clostridium ljungdahlii; oil refining; extraction chamber; converting waste; various organic; conversion rates; hollow fiber; biological production; /435/

Citation Formats

Gaddy, James L. Biological production of acetic acid from waste gases with Clostridium ljungdahlii. United States: N. p., 1998. Web.
Gaddy, James L. Biological production of acetic acid from waste gases with Clostridium ljungdahlii. United States.
Gaddy, James L. Thu . "Biological production of acetic acid from waste gases with Clostridium ljungdahlii". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/871840.
@article{osti_871840,
title = {Biological production of acetic acid from waste gases with Clostridium ljungdahlii},
author = {Gaddy, James L},
abstractNote = {A method and apparatus for converting waste gases from industrial processes such as oil refining, carbon black, coke, ammonia, and methanol production, into useful products. The method includes introducing the waste gases into a bioreactor where they are fermented to various organic acids or alcohols by anaerobic bacteria within the bioreactor. These valuable end products are then recovered, separated and purified. In an exemplary recovery process, the bioreactor raffinate is passed through an extraction chamber into which one or more non-inhibitory solvents are simultaneously introduced to extract the product. Then, the product is separated from the solvent by distillation. Gas conversion rates can be maximized by use of centrifuges, hollow fiber membranes, or other means of ultrafiltration to return entrained anaerobic bacteria from the bioreactor raffinate to the bioreactor itself, thus insuring the highest possible cell concentration.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1998},
month = {1}
}

Works referenced in this record:

Mechanism of acetate synthesis from CO2 by Clostridium acidiurici.
journal, January 1979


NOTES: Revival of the Name Clostridium aceticum
journal, October 1981


Chemical and Fuel Production by Anaerobic Bacteria
journal, October 1980


Production of acetic acid byClostridium thermoaceticum in batch and continuous fermentations
journal, May 1986


Acetogenium kivui, a new thermophilic hydrogen-oxidizing acetogenic bacterium
journal, June 1981


Influence of environmental factors in the production of R(?)-1, 2-propanediol by clostridium thermosaccharolyticum
journal, July 1987


Isolation from soil and properties of the extreme thermophile Clostridium thermohydrosulfuricum.
journal, January 1979


Methane production from synthesis gas using a mixed culture ofR. rubrum M. barkeri, and M. formicicum
journal, March 1990


Bioconversion of synthesis gas into liquid or gaseous fuels
journal, August 1992


Anaerobic growth of a Rhodopseudomonas species in the dark with carbon monoxide as sole carbon and energy substrate.
journal, September 1976


Clostridium thermosaccharolyticum strain deficient in acetate production.
journal, January 1986


Solvent equilibriums for extraction of carboxylic acids from water
journal, April 1978


Differential effects of sodium on hydrogen- and glucose-dependent growth of the acetogenic bacterium Acetogenium kivui.
journal, January 1990


Acetobacterium, a New Genus of Hydrogen-Oxidizing, Carbon Dioxide-Reducing, Anaerobic Bacteria
journal, October 1977


Study of gaseous substrate fermentations: Carbon monoxide conversion to acetate. 2. Continuous culture
journal, September 1989


Taxonomic Study of Bacillus coagulans Hammer 1915 with a Proposal for Bacillus smithii sp. nov.
journal, January 1988


Thermophilic Bacilli growing with carbon monoxide
journal, November 1984


The production of acetic acid from carbon dioxide and hydrogen by an anaerobic bacterium
journal, May 1990


Sporomusa, a new genus of gram-negative anaerobic bacteria including Sporomusa sphaeroides spec. nov. and Sporomusa ovata spec. nov.
journal, November 1984


Isolation of a Strain of Clostridium thermoaceticum Capable of Growth and Acetic Acid Production at pH 4.5
journal, January 1982


Production of acetic acid by Acetogenium kivui
journal, December 1987


NOTES: Identification of a Carbon Monoxide-Metabolizing Bacterium as a Strain of Rhodopseudomonas gelatinosa (Molisch) van Niel
journal, April 1979


Association of hydrogen metabolism with unitrophic or mixotrophic growth of Methanosarcina barkeri on carbon monoxide.
journal, January 1984


Biological production of liquid and gaseous fuels from synthesis gas
journal, March 1990


Growth of Eubacterium limosum with Carbon Monoxide as the Energy Source
journal, January 1982


Nickel transport by the thermophilic acetogen Acetogenium kivui.
journal, January 1989


Hydrogen utilization by clostridia in sewage sludge.
journal, January 1977


Acetic Acid Production by Clostridium thermoaceticum in pH-Controlled Batch Fermentations at Acidic pH
journal, January 1982


The Biological production of ethanol from synthesis gas
journal, January 1989


The Active Species of 'CO2' Utilized by Reduced Ferredoxin: CO2 Oxidoreductase from Clostridium pasteurianum
journal, June 1975


Biological production of alcohols from coal through indirect liquefaction: Scientific note
journal, August 1988