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Title: Lightweight bladder lined pressure vessels

Abstract

A lightweight, low permeability liner for graphite epoxy composite compressed gas storage vessels. The liner is composed of polymers that may or may not be coated with a thin layer of a low permeability material, such as silver, gold, or aluminum, deposited on a thin polymeric layer or substrate which is formed into a closed bladder using torispherical or near torispherical end caps, with or without bosses therein, about which a high strength to weight material, such as graphite epoxy composite shell, is formed to withstand the storage pressure forces. The polymeric substrate may be laminated on one or both sides with additional layers of polymeric film. The liner may be formed to a desired configuration using a dissolvable mandrel or by inflation techniques and the edges of the film seamed by heat sealing. The liner may be utilized in most any type of gas storage system, and is particularly applicable for hydrogen, gas mixtures, and oxygen used for vehicles, fuel cells or regenerative fuel cell applications, high altitude solar powered aircraft, hybrid energy storage/propulsion systems, and lunar/Mars space applications, and other applications requiring high cycle life.

Inventors:
 [1];  [2];  [3]
  1. 1125 Canton Ave., Livermore, CA 94550
  2. 4650 Almond Cir., Livermore, CA 94550
  3. 1206 Bacon Way, Lafayette, CA 94549
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
871794
Patent Number(s):
5798156
Assignee:
Mitlitsky, Fred (1125 Canton Ave., Livermore, CA 94550);Myers, Blake (4650 Almond Cir., Livermore, CA 94550);Magnotta, Frank (1206 Bacon Way, Lafayette, CA 94549)
Patent Classifications (CPCs):
Y - NEW / CROSS SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES Y10 - TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC Y10T - TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
F - MECHANICAL ENGINEERING F17 - STORING OR DISTRIBUTING GASES OR LIQUIDS F17C - VESSELS FOR CONTAINING OR STORING COMPRESSED, LIQUEFIED OR SOLIDIFIED GASES
DOE Contract Number:  
W-7405-ENG-48
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
lightweight; bladder; lined; pressure; vessels; permeability; liner; graphite; epoxy; composite; compressed; gas; storage; composed; polymers; coated; layer; material; silver; gold; aluminum; deposited; polymeric; substrate; formed; closed; torispherical; near; caps; bosses; therein; strength; weight; shell; withstand; forces; laminated; additional; layers; film; desired; configuration; dissolvable; mandrel; inflation; techniques; edges; seamed; heat; sealing; utilized; type; particularly; applicable; hydrogen; mixtures; oxygen; vehicles; fuel; cells; regenerative; cell; applications; altitude; solar; powered; aircraft; hybrid; energy; propulsion; systems; lunar; mars; space; requiring; cycle; life; solar powered; space applications; pressure forces; fuel cell; polymeric substrate; cycle life; storage vessels; additional layers; compressed gas; applications requiring; polymeric film; gas mixtures; particularly applicable; pressure vessel; energy storage; fuel cells; gas mixture; pressure vessels; desired configuration; gas storage; storage pressure; permeability material; composite shell; regenerative fuel; propulsion systems; epoxy composite; graphite epoxy; permeability liner; composite compressed; solar power; weight material; cell application; additional layer; storage vessel; /428/138/

Citation Formats

Mitlitsky, Fred, Myers, Blake, and Magnotta, Frank. Lightweight bladder lined pressure vessels. United States: N. p., 1998. Web.
Mitlitsky, Fred, Myers, Blake, & Magnotta, Frank. Lightweight bladder lined pressure vessels. United States.
Mitlitsky, Fred, Myers, Blake, and Magnotta, Frank. Thu . "Lightweight bladder lined pressure vessels". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/871794.
@article{osti_871794,
title = {Lightweight bladder lined pressure vessels},
author = {Mitlitsky, Fred and Myers, Blake and Magnotta, Frank},
abstractNote = {A lightweight, low permeability liner for graphite epoxy composite compressed gas storage vessels. The liner is composed of polymers that may or may not be coated with a thin layer of a low permeability material, such as silver, gold, or aluminum, deposited on a thin polymeric layer or substrate which is formed into a closed bladder using torispherical or near torispherical end caps, with or without bosses therein, about which a high strength to weight material, such as graphite epoxy composite shell, is formed to withstand the storage pressure forces. The polymeric substrate may be laminated on one or both sides with additional layers of polymeric film. The liner may be formed to a desired configuration using a dissolvable mandrel or by inflation techniques and the edges of the film seamed by heat sealing. The liner may be utilized in most any type of gas storage system, and is particularly applicable for hydrogen, gas mixtures, and oxygen used for vehicles, fuel cells or regenerative fuel cell applications, high altitude solar powered aircraft, hybrid energy storage/propulsion systems, and lunar/Mars space applications, and other applications requiring high cycle life.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1998},
month = {1}
}

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