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Title: Process for alkane group dehydrogenation with organometallic catalyst

Abstract

An improved process is described for the catalytic dehydrogenation of organic molecules having a ##STR1## group to produce a ##STR2## group. The organic molecules are: ##STR3## wherein: A.sup.1, A.sup.2, A.sup.3, and A.sup.4 are each independently P, As or N: E.sup.2 is independently C or N; E.sup.3 is independently C, Si or Ge; E.sup.4 is independently C, Si, or Ge; and E.sup.5 is independently C, Si or Ge; M.sup.1, M.sup.2, M.sup.3, and M.sup.4 each is a metal atom independently selected from the group consisting of ruthenium, rhodium, palladium, osmium, iridium and platinum; Q.sup.1, Q.sup.2, Q.sup.3, and Q.sup.4 are each independently a direct bond, --CH.sub.2 --, --CH.sub.2 CH.sub.2 --, or CH.dbd.CH--; in structure I, structure II or structure IV, R.sup.1, R.sup.2, R.sup.3, and R.sup.4 are each independently selected from alkyl, alkenyl, cycloalkyl, and aryl, or R.sup.1 and R.sup.2 together and R.sup.3 and R.sup.4 together form a ring structure having from 4 to 10 carbon atoms, or in structure III, R.sup.5, R.sup.6, R.sup.7, and R.sup.8 are each independently selected from alkyl, alkenyl, cycloalkyl, and aryl, or R.sup.5 and R.sup.6 together and R.sup.7 and R.sup.8 together form a ring structure having from 4 to 10 carbon atoms, at a temperature of between about 100.degree.more » and 250.degree. C. for between about 1 hr and 300 days in the absence of N.sub.2. The surprisingly stable catalyst is a complex of an organic ligand comprising H, C, Si, N, P atoms, and a platinum group metal. The dehydrogenation is performed between about 100 to 200.degree. C., and has increased turnover.« less

Inventors:
 [1];  [2]
  1. Goleta, CA
  2. Kailua, HI
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
871704
Patent Number(s):
5780701
Assignee:
Regents of University of California (Oakland, CA); University of Hawaii (Honolulu, HI)
Patent Classifications (CPCs):
B - PERFORMING OPERATIONS B01 - PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL B01J - CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY
C - CHEMISTRY C07 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY C07F - ACYCLIC, CARBOCYCLIC OR HETEROCYCLIC COMPOUNDS CONTAINING ELEMENTS OTHER THAN CARBON, HYDROGEN, HALOGEN, OXYGEN, NITROGEN, SULFUR, SELENIUM OR TELLURIUM
DOE Contract Number:  
FC36-94AL85804
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
process; alkane; dehydrogenation; organometallic; catalyst; improved; described; catalytic; organic; molecules; str1; produce; str2; str3; independently; metal; atom; selected; consisting; ruthenium; rhodium; palladium; osmium; iridium; platinum; direct; bond; -ch; dbd; ch-; structure; ii; alkyl; alkenyl; cycloalkyl; aryl; form; 10; carbon; atoms; iii; temperature; 100; degree; 250; 300; days; absence; surprisingly; stable; complex; ligand; comprising; performed; 200; increased; turnover; stable catalyst; organic molecules; metal atom; independently selected; improved process; carbon atoms; carbon atom; metallic catalyst; organic ligand; organometallic catalyst; organic molecule; ligand comprising; /585/999/

Citation Formats

Kaska, William C, and Jensen, Craig M. Process for alkane group dehydrogenation with organometallic catalyst. United States: N. p., 1998. Web.
Kaska, William C, & Jensen, Craig M. Process for alkane group dehydrogenation with organometallic catalyst. United States.
Kaska, William C, and Jensen, Craig M. Tue . "Process for alkane group dehydrogenation with organometallic catalyst". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/871704.
@article{osti_871704,
title = {Process for alkane group dehydrogenation with organometallic catalyst},
author = {Kaska, William C and Jensen, Craig M},
abstractNote = {An improved process is described for the catalytic dehydrogenation of organic molecules having a ##STR1## group to produce a ##STR2## group. The organic molecules are: ##STR3## wherein: A.sup.1, A.sup.2, A.sup.3, and A.sup.4 are each independently P, As or N: E.sup.2 is independently C or N; E.sup.3 is independently C, Si or Ge; E.sup.4 is independently C, Si, or Ge; and E.sup.5 is independently C, Si or Ge; M.sup.1, M.sup.2, M.sup.3, and M.sup.4 each is a metal atom independently selected from the group consisting of ruthenium, rhodium, palladium, osmium, iridium and platinum; Q.sup.1, Q.sup.2, Q.sup.3, and Q.sup.4 are each independently a direct bond, --CH.sub.2 --, --CH.sub.2 CH.sub.2 --, or CH.dbd.CH--; in structure I, structure II or structure IV, R.sup.1, R.sup.2, R.sup.3, and R.sup.4 are each independently selected from alkyl, alkenyl, cycloalkyl, and aryl, or R.sup.1 and R.sup.2 together and R.sup.3 and R.sup.4 together form a ring structure having from 4 to 10 carbon atoms, or in structure III, R.sup.5, R.sup.6, R.sup.7, and R.sup.8 are each independently selected from alkyl, alkenyl, cycloalkyl, and aryl, or R.sup.5 and R.sup.6 together and R.sup.7 and R.sup.8 together form a ring structure having from 4 to 10 carbon atoms, at a temperature of between about 100.degree. and 250.degree. C. for between about 1 hr and 300 days in the absence of N.sub.2. The surprisingly stable catalyst is a complex of an organic ligand comprising H, C, Si, N, P atoms, and a platinum group metal. The dehydrogenation is performed between about 100 to 200.degree. C., and has increased turnover.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1998},
month = {7}
}

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