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Title: Ultra high vacuum pumping system and high sensitivity helium leak detector

An improved helium leak detection method and apparatus are disclosed which increase the leak detection sensitivity to 10.sup.-13 atm cc s.sup.-1. The leak detection sensitivity is improved over conventional leak detectors by completely eliminating the use of o-rings, equipping the system with oil-free pumping systems, and by introducing measured flows of nitrogen at the entrances of both the turbo pump and backing pump to keep the system free of helium background. The addition of dry nitrogen flows to the system reduces backstreaming of atmospheric helium through the pumping system as a result of the limited compression ratios of the pumps for helium.
  1. (Yorktown, VA)
Issue Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Southeastern Univ. Research Assn. (Newport News, VA) TJNAF
Patent Number(s):
US 5703281
Contract Number:
Research Org:
Country of Publication:
United States
ultra; vacuum; pumping; sensitivity; helium; leak; detector; improved; detection; method; apparatus; disclosed; increase; 10; -13; atm; cc; -1; conventional; detectors; completely; eliminating; o-rings; equipping; oil-free; systems; introducing; measured; flows; nitrogen; entrances; turbo; pump; free; background; addition; dry; reduces; backstreaming; atmospheric; result; limited; compression; ratios; pumps; vacuum pumping; detection sensitivity; detection method; leak detection; leak detector; vacuum pump; compression ratio; helium leak; compression ratios; pumping systems; atm cc; /73/