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Title: Segregated tandem filter for enhanced conversion efficiency in a thermophotovoltaic energy conversion system

Abstract

A filter system to transmit short wavelength radiation and reflect long wavelength radiation for a thermophotovoltaic energy conversion cell comprises an optically transparent substrate segregation layer with at least one coherent wavelength in optical thickness; a dielectric interference filter deposited on one side of the substrate segregation layer, the interference filter being disposed toward the source of radiation, the interference filter including a plurality of alternating layers of high and low optical index materials adapted to change from transmitting to reflecting at a nominal wavelength .lambda..sub.IF approximately equal to the bandgap wavelength .lambda..sub.g of the thermophotovoltaic cell, the interference filter being adapted to transmit incident radiation from about 0.5.lambda..sub.IF to .lambda..sub.IF and reflect from .lambda..sub.IF to about 2.lambda..sub.IF ; and a high mobility plasma filter deposited on the opposite side of the substrate segregation layer, the plasma filter being adapted to start to become reflecting at a wavelength of about 1.5.lambda..sub.IF.

Inventors:
 [1];  [1];  [2]
  1. Clifton Park, NY
  2. Middlegrove, NY
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
Knolls Atomic Power Lab. (KAPL), Niskayuna, NY (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
871284
Patent Number(s):
5700332
Assignee:
United States of America as represented by United States (Washington, DC)
Patent Classifications (CPCs):
Y - NEW / CROSS SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES Y02 - TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE Y02E - REDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
H - ELECTRICITY H01 - BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS H01L - SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES
DOE Contract Number:  
AC12-76SN00052
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
segregated; tandem; filter; enhanced; conversion; efficiency; thermophotovoltaic; energy; transmit; wavelength; radiation; reflect; cell; comprises; optically; transparent; substrate; segregation; layer; coherent; optical; thickness; dielectric; interference; deposited; disposed; source; including; plurality; alternating; layers; index; materials; adapted; change; transmitting; reflecting; nominal; lambda; approximately; equal; bandgap; incident; mobility; plasma; opposite; start; transparent substrate; optical thickness; wavelength radiation; incident radiation; optically transparent; interference filter; approximately equal; cell comprises; alternating layers; conversion efficiency; energy conversion; photovoltaic cell; thermophotovoltaic energy; plasma filter; filter including; conversion cell; enhanced conversion; parent substrate; thermophotovoltaic cell; photovoltaic energy; /136/359/

Citation Formats

Brown, Edward J, Baldasaro, Paul F, and Dziendziel, Randolph J. Segregated tandem filter for enhanced conversion efficiency in a thermophotovoltaic energy conversion system. United States: N. p., 1997. Web.
Brown, Edward J, Baldasaro, Paul F, & Dziendziel, Randolph J. Segregated tandem filter for enhanced conversion efficiency in a thermophotovoltaic energy conversion system. United States.
Brown, Edward J, Baldasaro, Paul F, and Dziendziel, Randolph J. Wed . "Segregated tandem filter for enhanced conversion efficiency in a thermophotovoltaic energy conversion system". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/871284.
@article{osti_871284,
title = {Segregated tandem filter for enhanced conversion efficiency in a thermophotovoltaic energy conversion system},
author = {Brown, Edward J and Baldasaro, Paul F and Dziendziel, Randolph J},
abstractNote = {A filter system to transmit short wavelength radiation and reflect long wavelength radiation for a thermophotovoltaic energy conversion cell comprises an optically transparent substrate segregation layer with at least one coherent wavelength in optical thickness; a dielectric interference filter deposited on one side of the substrate segregation layer, the interference filter being disposed toward the source of radiation, the interference filter including a plurality of alternating layers of high and low optical index materials adapted to change from transmitting to reflecting at a nominal wavelength .lambda..sub.IF approximately equal to the bandgap wavelength .lambda..sub.g of the thermophotovoltaic cell, the interference filter being adapted to transmit incident radiation from about 0.5.lambda..sub.IF to .lambda..sub.IF and reflect from .lambda..sub.IF to about 2.lambda..sub.IF ; and a high mobility plasma filter deposited on the opposite side of the substrate segregation layer, the plasma filter being adapted to start to become reflecting at a wavelength of about 1.5.lambda..sub.IF.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1997},
month = {1}
}

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Works referenced in this record:

Interference filters for thermophotovoltaic solar energy conversion
journal, December 1983


Thermophotovoltaic devices utilizing a back surface reflector for spectral control
conference, January 1996

  • Charache, G. W.; DePoy, D. M.; Baldasaro, P. F.
  • The 2nd NREL conference on thermophotovoltaic generation of electricity, AIP Conference Proceedings
  • https://doi.org/10.1063/1.49697

Heat mirror coatings for energy conserving windows
journal, November 1981