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Title: Reduced energy and volume air pump for a seat cushion

An efficient pump system for transferring air between sets of bladders in a cushion. The pump system utilizes a reversible piston within a cylinder in conjunction with an equalizing valve in the piston which opens when the piston reaches the end of travel in one direction. The weight of a seated user then forces air back across the piston from an inflated bladder to the previously deflated bladder until the pressure is equalized. In this fashion the work done by the pump is cut in half. The inflation and deflation of the different bladders is controlled to vary the pressure on the several pressure points of a seated user. A principal application is for wheel chair use to prevent pressure ulcers.
 [1];  [1];  [2]
  1. (Albuquerque, NM)
  2. (Tijeras, NM)
Issue Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Sandia Corporation (Albuquerque, NM) SNL
Patent Number(s):
US 5657499
Contract Number:
Research Org:
Country of Publication:
United States
reduced; energy; volume; air; pump; seat; cushion; efficient; transferring; sets; bladders; utilizes; reversible; piston; cylinder; conjunction; equalizing; valve; reaches; travel; direction; weight; seated; user; forces; inflated; bladder; previously; deflated; pressure; equalized; fashion; cut; half; inflation; deflation; controlled; vary; principal; application; wheel; chair; prevent; ulcers; air pump; reduced energy; volume air; /5/297/