Global to push GA events into
skip to main content

Title: Non-detonable and non-explosive explosive simulators

A simulator which is chemically equivalent to an explosive, but is not detonable or explodable. The simulator is a combination of an explosive material with an inert material, either in a matrix or as a coating, where the explosive has a high surface ratio but small volume ratio. The simulator has particular use in the training of explosives detecting dogs, calibrating analytical instruments which are sensitive to either vapor or elemental composition, or other applications where the hazards associated with explosives is undesirable but where chemical and/or elemental equivalence is required. The explosive simulants may be fabricated by different techniques. A first method involves the use of standard slurry coatings to produce a material with a very high binder to explosive ratio without masking the explosive vapor, and a second method involves coating inert substrates with thin layers of explosive.
Inventors:
 [1];  [1]
  1. (Livermore, CA)
Issue Date:
OSTI Identifier:
871051
Assignee:
Regents of University of California (Oakland, CA) LLNL
Patent Number(s):
US 5648636
Contract Number:
W-7405-ENG-48
Research Org:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
non-detonable; non-explosive; explosive; simulators; simulator; chemically; equivalent; detonable; explodable; combination; material; inert; matrix; coating; surface; ratio; volume; particular; training; explosives; detecting; dogs; calibrating; analytical; instruments; sensitive; vapor; elemental; composition; applications; hazards; associated; undesirable; chemical; equivalence; required; simulants; fabricated; techniques; method; involves; standard; slurry; coatings; produce; binder; masking; substrates; layers; analytical instruments; inert substrate; inert material; volume ratio; explosive material; method involves; slurry coatings; standard slurry; analytical instrument; chemically equivalent; coating inert; explosive simulants; hazards associated; involves coating; method involve; slurry coating; elemental composition; explosives detecting; explosive vapor; explosive ratio; detecting dogs; explosive simulators; /102/