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Title: Nitrogen spark denoxer

A NO.sub.X control system for an internal combustion engine includes an oxygen enrichment device that produces oxygen and nitrogen enriched air. The nitrogen enriched air contains molecular nitrogen that is provided to a spark plug that is mounted in an exhaust outlet of an internal combustion engine. As the nitrogen enriched air is expelled at the spark gap of the spark plug, the nitrogen enriched air is exposed to a pulsating spark that is generated across the spark gap of the spark plug. The spark gap is elongated so that a sufficient amount of atomic nitrogen is produced and is injected into the exhaust of the internal combustion engine. The injection of the atomic nitrogen into the exhaust of the internal combustion engine causes the oxides of nitrogen to be reduced into nitrogen and oxygen such that the emissions from the engine will have acceptable levels of NO.sub.X. The oxygen enrichment device that produces both the oxygen and nitrogen enriched air can include a selectively permeable membrane.
Inventors:
 [1];  [2];  [1]
  1. (Naperville, IL)
  2. (Downers Grove, IL)
Issue Date:
OSTI Identifier:
871009
Assignee:
University of Chicago (Chicago, IL) ANL
Patent Number(s):
US 5640845
Contract Number:
W-31109-ENG-38
Research Org:
Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), Argonne, IL
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
nitrogen; spark; denoxer; control; internal; combustion; engine; oxygen; enrichment; device; produces; enriched; air; contains; molecular; provided; plug; mounted; exhaust; outlet; expelled; gap; exposed; pulsating; generated; elongated; sufficient; amount; atomic; produced; injected; injection; causes; oxides; reduced; emissions; acceptable; levels; selectively; permeable; membrane; oxygen enrichment; molecular nitrogen; acceptable levels; atomic nitrogen; nitrogen enriched; sufficient amount; permeable membrane; spark plug; internal combustion; spark gap; combustion engine; enriched air; selectively permeable; enrichment device; acceptable level; /60/