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Title: Clostridium stain which produces acetic acid from waste gases

Abstract

A method and apparatus for converting waste gases from industrial processes such as oil refining, carbon black, coke, ammonia, and methanol production, into useful products. The method includes introducing the waste gases into a bioreactor where they are fermented to various organic acids or alcohols by anaerobic bacteria within the bioreactor. These valuable end products are then recovered, separated and purified. In an exemplary recovery process, the bioreactor raffinate is passed through an extraction chamber into which one or more non-inhibitory solvents are simultaneously introduced to extract the product. Then, the product is separated from the solvent by distillation. Gas conversion rates can be maximized by use of centrifuges, hollow fiber membranes, or other means of ultrafiltration to return entrained anaerobic bacteria from the bioreactor raffinate to the bioreactor itself, thus insuring the highest possible cell concentration.

Inventors:
 [1]
  1. 2207 Tall Oaks Dr., Fayetteville, AR 72703
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
Bioengineering Resources, Inc., Fayetteville, AR
OSTI Identifier:
870784
Patent Number(s):
5593886
Assignee:
Gaddy, James L. (2207 Tall Oaks Dr., Fayetteville, AR 72703)
DOE Contract Number:  
FC02-90CE40939
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
clostridium; stain; produces; acetic; acid; waste; gases; method; apparatus; converting; industrial; processes; oil; refining; carbon; black; coke; ammonia; methanol; production; useful; products; introducing; bioreactor; fermented; various; organic; acids; alcohols; anaerobic; bacteria; valuable; recovered; separated; purified; exemplary; recovery; process; raffinate; passed; extraction; chamber; non-inhibitory; solvents; simultaneously; introduced; extract; product; solvent; distillation; gas; conversion; rates; maximized; centrifuges; hollow; fiber; membranes; means; ultrafiltration; return; entrained; insuring; cell; concentration; gas conversion; waste gases; industrial processes; acetic acid; ethanol production; useful products; waste gas; recovery process; industrial process; carbon black; anaerobic bacteria; organic acids; organic acid; methanol production; oil refining; extraction chamber; converting waste; various organic; conversion rates; hollow fiber; /435/

Citation Formats

Gaddy, James L. Clostridium stain which produces acetic acid from waste gases. United States: N. p., 1997. Web.
Gaddy, James L. Clostridium stain which produces acetic acid from waste gases. United States.
Gaddy, James L. Wed . "Clostridium stain which produces acetic acid from waste gases". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/870784.
@article{osti_870784,
title = {Clostridium stain which produces acetic acid from waste gases},
author = {Gaddy, James L},
abstractNote = {A method and apparatus for converting waste gases from industrial processes such as oil refining, carbon black, coke, ammonia, and methanol production, into useful products. The method includes introducing the waste gases into a bioreactor where they are fermented to various organic acids or alcohols by anaerobic bacteria within the bioreactor. These valuable end products are then recovered, separated and purified. In an exemplary recovery process, the bioreactor raffinate is passed through an extraction chamber into which one or more non-inhibitory solvents are simultaneously introduced to extract the product. Then, the product is separated from the solvent by distillation. Gas conversion rates can be maximized by use of centrifuges, hollow fiber membranes, or other means of ultrafiltration to return entrained anaerobic bacteria from the bioreactor raffinate to the bioreactor itself, thus insuring the highest possible cell concentration.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1997},
month = {1}
}

Patent:

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