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Title: Method and apparatus for manufacturing gas tags

Abstract

For use in the manufacture of gas tags employed in a gas tagging failure detection system for a nuclear reactor, a plurality of commercial feed gases each having a respective noble gas isotopic composition are blended under computer control to provide various tag gas mixtures having selected isotopic ratios which are optimized for specified defined conditions such as cost. Using a new approach employing a discrete variable structure rather than the known continuous-variable optimization problem, the computer controlled gas tag manufacturing process employs an analytical formalism from condensed matter physics known as stochastic relaxation, which is a special case of simulated annealing, for input feed gas selection. For a tag blending process involving M tag isotopes with N distinct feed gas mixtures commercially available from an enriched gas supplier, the manufacturing process calculates the cost difference between multiple combinations and specifies gas mixtures which approach the optimum defined conditions. The manufacturing process is then used to control tag blending apparatus incorporating tag gas canisters connected by stainless-steel tubing with computer controlled valves, with the canisters automatically filled with metered quantities of the required feed gases.

Inventors:
 [1];  [2]
  1. (Bolingbrook, IL)
  2. (Idaho Falls, ID)
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), Argonne, IL
OSTI Identifier:
870747
Patent Number(s):
5586157
Assignee:
University Of Chicago (Chicago, IL) ANL
DOE Contract Number:  
W-31109-ENG-38
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
method; apparatus; manufacturing; gas; tags; manufacture; employed; tagging; failure; detection; nuclear; reactor; plurality; commercial; feed; gases; respective; noble; isotopic; composition; blended; computer; control; provide; various; tag; mixtures; selected; ratios; optimized; specified; defined; conditions; cost; approach; employing; discrete; variable; structure; continuous-variable; optimization; controlled; process; employs; analytical; formalism; condensed; matter; physics; stochastic; relaxation; special; simulated; annealing; input; selection; blending; involving; isotopes; distinct; commercially; available; enriched; supplier; calculates; difference; multiple; combinations; specifies; optimum; incorporating; canisters; connected; stainless-steel; tubing; valves; automatically; filled; metered; quantities; required; gas tag; gas tagging; manufacturing process; computer controlled; gas mixtures; nuclear reactor; gas mixture; commercially available; tag gas; feed gas; noble gas; process employs; process involving; computer control; gas tags; failure detection; tagging failure; enriched gas; gas isotopic; apparatus incorporating; isotopic composition; /376/

Citation Formats

Gross, Kenny C., and Laug, Matthew T. Method and apparatus for manufacturing gas tags. United States: N. p., 1996. Web.
Gross, Kenny C., & Laug, Matthew T. Method and apparatus for manufacturing gas tags. United States.
Gross, Kenny C., and Laug, Matthew T. Mon . "Method and apparatus for manufacturing gas tags". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/870747.
@article{osti_870747,
title = {Method and apparatus for manufacturing gas tags},
author = {Gross, Kenny C. and Laug, Matthew T.},
abstractNote = {For use in the manufacture of gas tags employed in a gas tagging failure detection system for a nuclear reactor, a plurality of commercial feed gases each having a respective noble gas isotopic composition are blended under computer control to provide various tag gas mixtures having selected isotopic ratios which are optimized for specified defined conditions such as cost. Using a new approach employing a discrete variable structure rather than the known continuous-variable optimization problem, the computer controlled gas tag manufacturing process employs an analytical formalism from condensed matter physics known as stochastic relaxation, which is a special case of simulated annealing, for input feed gas selection. For a tag blending process involving M tag isotopes with N distinct feed gas mixtures commercially available from an enriched gas supplier, the manufacturing process calculates the cost difference between multiple combinations and specifies gas mixtures which approach the optimum defined conditions. The manufacturing process is then used to control tag blending apparatus incorporating tag gas canisters connected by stainless-steel tubing with computer controlled valves, with the canisters automatically filled with metered quantities of the required feed gases.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1996},
month = {1}
}

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