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Title: Method for testing earth samples for contamination by organic contaminants

Abstract

Provided is a method for testing earth samples for contamination by organic contaminants, and particularly for aromatic compounds such as those found in diesel fuel and other heavy fuel oils, kerosene, creosote, coal oil, tars and asphalts. A drying step is provided in which a drying agent is contacted with either the earth sample or a liquid extract phase to reduce to possibility of false indications of contamination that could occur when humic material is present in the earth sample. This is particularly a problem when using relatively safe, non-toxic and inexpensive polar solvents such as isopropyl alcohol since the humic material tends to be very soluble in those solvents when water is present. Also provided is an ultraviolet spectroscopic measuring technique for obtaining an indication as to whether a liquid extract phase contains aromatic organic contaminants. In one embodiment, the liquid extract phase is subjected to a narrow and discrete band of radiation including a desired wave length and the ability of the liquid extract phase to absorb that wavelength of ultraviolet radiation is measured to provide an indication of the presence of aromatic organic contaminants.

Inventors:
 [1]
  1. (Laramie, WY)
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
Western Research Institute (Laramie, WY)
OSTI Identifier:
870623
Patent Number(s):
5561065
Assignee:
University of Wyoming Research Corporation (Laramie, WY) NETL
DOE Contract Number:  
FC21-93MC30127
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
method; testing; earth; samples; contamination; organic; contaminants; provided; particularly; aromatic; compounds; found; diesel; fuel; heavy; oils; kerosene; creosote; coal; oil; tars; asphalts; drying; step; agent; contacted; sample; liquid; extract; phase; reduce; possibility; false; indications; occur; humic; material; relatively; safe; non-toxic; inexpensive; polar; solvents; isopropyl; alcohol; tends; soluble; water; ultraviolet; spectroscopic; measuring; technique; obtaining; indication; contains; embodiment; subjected; narrow; discrete; band; radiation; including; desired; wave; length; ability; absorb; wavelength; measured; provide; presence; wave length; aromatic compound; aromatic organic; coal oil; fuel oil; extract phase; polar solvent; organic contaminant; ultraviolet radiation; aromatic compounds; organic contaminants; diesel fuel; phase contains; liquid extract; radiation including; fuel oils; drying step; testing earth; propyl alcohol; polar solvents; desired wave; earth samples; earth sample; /436/422/

Citation Formats

Schabron, John F. Method for testing earth samples for contamination by organic contaminants. United States: N. p., 1996. Web.
Schabron, John F. Method for testing earth samples for contamination by organic contaminants. United States.
Schabron, John F. Mon . "Method for testing earth samples for contamination by organic contaminants". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/870623.
@article{osti_870623,
title = {Method for testing earth samples for contamination by organic contaminants},
author = {Schabron, John F.},
abstractNote = {Provided is a method for testing earth samples for contamination by organic contaminants, and particularly for aromatic compounds such as those found in diesel fuel and other heavy fuel oils, kerosene, creosote, coal oil, tars and asphalts. A drying step is provided in which a drying agent is contacted with either the earth sample or a liquid extract phase to reduce to possibility of false indications of contamination that could occur when humic material is present in the earth sample. This is particularly a problem when using relatively safe, non-toxic and inexpensive polar solvents such as isopropyl alcohol since the humic material tends to be very soluble in those solvents when water is present. Also provided is an ultraviolet spectroscopic measuring technique for obtaining an indication as to whether a liquid extract phase contains aromatic organic contaminants. In one embodiment, the liquid extract phase is subjected to a narrow and discrete band of radiation including a desired wave length and the ability of the liquid extract phase to absorb that wavelength of ultraviolet radiation is measured to provide an indication of the presence of aromatic organic contaminants.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1996},
month = {1}
}

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