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Title: Process to convert biomass and refuse derived fuel to ethers and/or alcohols

A process for conversion of a feedstock selected from the group consisting of biomass and refuse derived fuel (RDF) to provide reformulated gasoline components comprising a substantial amount of materials selected from the group consisting of ethers, alcohols, or mixtures thereof, comprising: drying said feedstock; subjecting said dried feedstock to fast pyrolysis using a vortex reactor or other means; catalytically cracking vapors resulting from said pyrolysis using a zeolite catalyst; condensing any aromatic byproduct fraction; catalytically alkylating any benzene present in said vapors after condensation; catalytically oligomerizing any remaining ethylene and propylene to higher olefins; isomerizing said olefins to reactive iso-olefins; and catalytically reacting said iso-olefins with an alcohol to form ethers or with water to form alcohols.
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [1];  [1];  [4];  [1]
  1. (Lakewood, CO)
  2. (Evergreen, CO)
  3. (Arvada, CO)
  4. (Golden, CO)
Issue Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Midwest Research Institute (Kansas City, MO) CHO
Patent Number(s):
US 5504259
Contract Number:
Research Org:
Midwest Research Institute (Kansas City, MO)
Sponsoring Org:
Country of Publication:
United States
process; convert; biomass; refuse; derived; fuel; ethers; alcohols; conversion; feedstock; selected; consisting; rdf; provide; reformulated; gasoline; components; comprising; substantial; amount; materials; mixtures; drying; subjecting; dried; fast; pyrolysis; vortex; reactor; means; catalytically; cracking; vapors; resulting; zeolite; catalyst; condensing; aromatic; byproduct; fraction; alkylating; benzene; condensation; oligomerizing; remaining; ethylene; propylene; olefins; isomerizing; reactive; iso-olefins; reacting; alcohol; form; water; materials selected; derived fuel; refuse derived; substantial amount; fast pyrolysis; zeolite catalyst; vortex reactor; components comprising; /999/585/