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Title: Method and system of measuring ultrasonic signals in the plane of a moving web

An improved system for measuring the velocity of ultrasonic signals within the plane of moving web-like materials, such as paper, paperboard and the like. In addition to velocity measurements of ultrasonic signals in the plane of the web in the machine direction, MD, and a cross direction, CD, generally perpendicular to the direction of the traveling web, therefor, one embodiment of the system in accordance with the present invention is also adapted to provide on-line indication of the polar specific stiffness of the moving web. In another embodiment of the invention, the velocity of ultrasonic signals in the plane of the web are measured by way of a plurality of ultrasonic transducers carried by synchronously driven wheels or cylinders, thus eliminating undue transducer wear due to any speed differences between the transducers and the web. In order to provide relatively constant contact force between the transducers and the webs, the transducers are mounted in a sensor housings which include a spring for biasing the transducer radially outwardly. The sensor housings are adapted to be easily and conveniently mounted to the carrier to provide a relatively constant contact force between the transducers and the moving web.
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4]
  1. (Marietta, GA)
  2. (Atlanta, GA)
  3. (Appleton, WI)
  4. (Lawrenceville, GA)
Issue Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Institute of Paper Science and Technology, Inc. (Atlanta, GA) ORO
Patent Number(s):
US 5493910
Contract Number:
Research Org:
Institute of Paper Chemistry
Country of Publication:
United States
method; measuring; ultrasonic; signals; plane; moving; web; improved; velocity; web-like; materials; paper; paperboard; addition; measurements; machine; direction; md; cd; perpendicular; traveling; embodiment; accordance; adapted; provide; on-line; indication; polar; specific; stiffness; measured; plurality; transducers; carried; synchronously; driven; wheels; cylinders; eliminating; undue; transducer; wear; due; speed; differences; relatively; constant; contact; force; webs; mounted; sensor; housings; spring; biasing; radially; outwardly; easily; conveniently; carrier; ultrasonic signal; relatively constant; ultrasonic transducer; ultrasonic signals; radially outwardly; radially outward; moving web; ultrasonic transducers; velocity measurements; sonic signals; wear due; web-like materials; provide relatively; moving web-like; constant contact; velocity measurement; web-like material; sensor housing; sonic signal; machine direction; /73/