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Title: Apparatus for removing hydrocarbon contaminants from solid materials

A system for removing hydrocarbons from solid materials. Contaminated solids are combined with a solvent (preferably terpene based) to produce a mixture. The mixture is washed with water to generate a purified solid product (which is removed from the system) and a drainage product. The drainage product is separated into a first fraction (consisting mostly of contaminated solvent) and a second fraction (containing solids and water). The first fraction is separated into a third fraction (consisting mostly of contaminated solvent) and a fourth fraction (containing residual solids and water). The fourth fraction is combined with the second fraction to produce a sludge which is separated into a fifth fraction (containing water which is ultimately reused) and a sixth fraction (containing solids). The third fraction is then separated into a seventh fraction (consisting of recovered solvent which is ultimately reused) and an eighth fraction (containing hydrocarbon waste).
 [1];  [1]
  1. (Idaho Falls, ID)
Issue Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Lockheed Idaho Technologies Company (Idaho Falls, ID) INEEL
Patent Number(s):
US 5490531
Contract Number:
Research Org:
Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory, Idaho Falls, ID
Country of Publication:
United States
apparatus; removing; hydrocarbon; contaminants; solid; materials; hydrocarbons; contaminated; solids; combined; solvent; preferably; terpene; based; produce; mixture; washed; water; generate; purified; product; removed; drainage; separated; fraction; consisting; containing; third; fourth; residual; sludge; fifth; ultimately; reused; sixth; seventh; recovered; eighth; waste; containing solids; residual solids; containing solid; solid materials; solid material; solid product; containing water; third fraction; residual solid; removing hydrocarbon; removing hydrocarbons; moving hydrocarbons; hydrocarbon contaminants; terpene based; preferably terpene; contaminated solids; containing hydrocarbon; /134/210/