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Title: Volatile organic compound sensing devices

Apparatus employing vapochromic materials in the form of inorganic double complex salts which change color reversibly when exposed to volatile organic compound (VOC) vapors is adapted for VOC vapor detection, VOC aqueous matrix detection, and selective VOC vapor detection. The basic VOC vapochromic sensor is incorporated in various devices such as a ground probe sensor, a wristband sensor, a periodic sampling monitor, a soil/water penetrometer, an evaporative purge sensor, and various vacuum-based sensors which are particularly adapted for reversible/reusable detection, remote detection, continuous monitoring, or rapid screening of environmental remediation and waste management sites. The vapochromic sensor is used in combination with various fiber optic arrangements to provide a calibrated qualitative and/or quantitative indication of the presence of VOCs.
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [2]
  1. (Idaho Falls, ID)
  2. (Stillwater, MN)
Issue Date:
OSTI Identifier:
United States of America as represented by United States (Washington, DC) INEEL
Patent Number(s):
US 5445795
Contract Number:
Research Org:
Country of Publication:
United States
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