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Title: Self aligning electron beam gun having enhanced thermal and mechanical stability

A compact, high power electron gun having enhanced thermal and mechanical stability which incorporates a mechanically coupled, self aligning structure for the anode and cathode. The enhanced stability, and reduced need for realignment of the cathode to the anode and downstream optics during operation are achieved by use of a common support structure for the cathode and anode which requires no adjustment screws or spacers. The electron gun of the present invention also incorporates a modular design for the cathode, in which the electron emitter, its support structure, and the hardware required to attach the emitter assembly to the rest of the gun are a single element. This modular design makes replacement of the emitter simpler and requires no realignment after a new emitter has been installed. Compactness and a reduction in the possibility of high voltage breakdown are achieved by shielding the "triple point" where the electrode, insulator, and vacuum meet. The use of electric discharge machining (EDM) for fabricating the emitter allows for the accurate machining of the emitter into intricate shapes without encountering the normal stresses developed by standard emitter fabrication techniques.
Inventors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [3]
  1. (Livermore, CA)
  2. (Sunnyvale, CA)
  3. (Manteca, CA)
Issue Date:
OSTI Identifier:
869886
Assignee:
United States of America as represented by United States (Washington, DC) LLNL
Patent Number(s):
US 5416381
Contract Number:
W-7405-ENG-48
Research Org:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
aligning; electron; beam; gun; enhanced; thermal; mechanical; stability; compact; power; incorporates; mechanically; coupled; structure; anode; cathode; reduced; realignment; downstream; optics; operation; achieved; common; support; requires; adjustment; screws; spacers; modular; design; emitter; hardware; required; attach; assembly; single; element; makes; replacement; simpler; installed; compactness; reduction; possibility; voltage; breakdown; shielding; triple; electrode; insulator; vacuum; meet; electric; discharge; machining; edm; fabricating; allows; accurate; intricate; shapes; encountering; normal; stresses; developed; standard; fabrication; techniques; modular design; single element; enhanced thermal; electron emitter; electron beam; support structure; electron gun; electric discharge; fabrication techniques; mechanical stability; voltage breakdown; beam gun; common support; mechanically couple; /313/445/