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Title: Vacuum deposition and curing of liquid monomers

The present invention is the formation of solid polymer layers under vacuum. More specifically, the present invention is the use of "standard" polymer layer-making equipment that is generally used in an atmospheric environment in a vacuum, and degassing the monomer material prior to injection into the vacuum. Additional layers of polymer or metal or oxide may be vacuum deposited onto solid polymer layers. Formation of polymer layers under a vacuum improves material and surface characteristics, and subsequent quality of bonding to additional layers. Further advantages include use of less to no photoinitiator for curing, faster curing, fewer impurities in the polymer electrolyte, as well as improvement in material properties including no trapped gas resulting in greater density, and reduced monomer wetting angle that facilitates spreading of the monomer and provides a smoother finished surface.
Inventors:
 [1]
  1. (Kennewick, WA)
Issue Date:
OSTI Identifier:
869775
Assignee:
Battelle Memorial Institute (Richland, WA) PNNL
Patent Number(s):
US 5395644
Contract Number:
AC06-76RL01830
Research Org:
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
vacuum; deposition; curing; liquid; monomers; formation; solid; polymer; layers; specifically; standard; layer-making; equipment; atmospheric; environment; degassing; monomer; material; prior; injection; additional; metal; oxide; deposited; improves; surface; characteristics; subsequent; quality; bonding; advantages; photoinitiator; faster; fewer; impurities; electrolyte; improvement; properties; including; trapped; gas; resulting; density; reduced; wetting; angle; facilitates; spreading; provides; smoother; finished; material prior; vacuum deposition; additional layers; polymer electrolyte; solid polymer; material properties; polymer layers; properties including; vacuum deposited; surface characteristics; reduced monomer; monomer material; monomer wetting; wetting angle; smoother finished; subsequent quality; vacuum improves; atmospheric environment; polymer layer-making; trapped gas; liquid monomer; polymer layer; fewer impurities; facilitates spreading; faster curing; gas resulting; liquid monomers; layer-making equipment; finished surface; improves material; additional layer; /427/

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