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Title: Electrochemical method of producing eutectic uranium alloy and apparatus

An apparatus and method for continuous production of liquid uranium alloys through the electrolytic reduction of uranium chlorides. The apparatus includes an electrochemical cell formed from an anode shaped to form an electrolyte reservoir, a cathode comprising a metal, such as iron, capable of forming a eutectic uranium alloy having a melting point less than the melting point of pure uranium, and molten electrolyte in the reservoir comprising a chlorine or fluorine containing salt and uranium chloride. The method of the invention produces an eutectic uranium alloy by creating an electrolyte reservoir defined by a container comprising an anode, placing an electrolyte in the reservoir, the electrolyte comprising a chlorine or fluorine containing salt and uranium chloride in molten form, positioning a cathode in the reservoir where the cathode comprises a metal capable of forming an uranium alloy having a melting point less than the melting point of pure uranium, and applying a current between the cathode and the anode.
Inventors:
 [1];  [2]
  1. (Livermore, CA)
  2. (Oakridge, TN)
Issue Date:
OSTI Identifier:
869697
Assignee:
United States of America as represented by Department of Energy (Washington, DC) LLNL
Patent Number(s):
US 5380406
Contract Number:
W-7405-ENG-48
Research Org:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
electrochemical; method; producing; eutectic; uranium; alloy; apparatus; continuous; production; liquid; alloys; electrolytic; reduction; chlorides; cell; formed; anode; shaped; form; electrolyte; reservoir; cathode; comprising; metal; iron; capable; forming; melting; pure; molten; chlorine; fluorine; containing; salt; chloride; produces; creating; defined; container; placing; positioning; comprises; applying; current; uranium chloride; electrolyte reservoir; molten form; electrolyte comprising; pure uranium; uranium alloy; molten electrolyte; electrochemical cell; electrolytic reduction; uranium alloys; electrochemical method; continuous production; metal capable; cathode comprises; cell formed; container comprising; uranium chlorides; metal cap; chemical method; liquid uranium; containing salt; /205/204/423/

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