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Title: Alkylation of organic aromatic compounds

Abstract

Aromatic compounds are alkylated in a catalytic distillation, wherein the catalyst structure also serves as a distillation component by contacting the aromatic compound with a C.sub.2 to C.sub.10 olefin in the catalyst bed under 0.25 to 50 atmospheres of pressure and at temperatures in the range of 80.degree. C. to 500.degree. C., using as the catalyst a mole sieve characterized as acidic or an acidic cation exchange resin. For example, ethyl benzene is produced by feeding ethylene below the catalyst bed while benzene is conveniently added through the reflux in molar excess to that required to react with ethylene, thereby reacting substantially all of the ethylene and recovering benzene as the principal overhead and ethyl benzene in the bottoms.

Inventors:
 [1];  [2];  [3]
  1. (Bellaire, TX)
  2. (Seabrook, TX)
  3. (Houston, TX)
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
CR & L/NEOCHEM JOINT VENTURE
OSTI Identifier:
869357
Patent Number(s):
5321181
Assignee:
Chemical Research & Licensing Company (Pasadena, TX) IDO
DOE Contract Number:  
FC07-80CS40454
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
alkylation; organic; aromatic; compounds; alkylated; catalytic; distillation; catalyst; structure; serves; component; contacting; compound; 10; olefin; bed; 25; 50; atmospheres; pressure; temperatures; range; 80; degree; 500; mole; sieve; characterized; acidic; cation; exchange; resin; example; ethyl; benzene; produced; feeding; ethylene; below; conveniently; added; reflux; molar; excess; required; react; reacting; substantially; recovering; principal; overhead; bottoms; aromatic compound; acidic cation; catalyst structure; sieve characterized; molar excess; mole sieve; principal overhead; recovering benzene; reacting substantially; catalytic distillation; cation exchange; aromatic compounds; exchange resin; catalyst bed; ethyl benzene; organic aromatic; conveniently added; feeding ethylene; distillation component; /585/203/

Citation Formats

Smith, Jr., Lawrence A., Arganbright, Robert P., and Hearn, Dennis. Alkylation of organic aromatic compounds. United States: N. p., 1994. Web.
Smith, Jr., Lawrence A., Arganbright, Robert P., & Hearn, Dennis. Alkylation of organic aromatic compounds. United States.
Smith, Jr., Lawrence A., Arganbright, Robert P., and Hearn, Dennis. Sat . "Alkylation of organic aromatic compounds". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/869357.
@article{osti_869357,
title = {Alkylation of organic aromatic compounds},
author = {Smith, Jr., Lawrence A. and Arganbright, Robert P. and Hearn, Dennis},
abstractNote = {Aromatic compounds are alkylated in a catalytic distillation, wherein the catalyst structure also serves as a distillation component by contacting the aromatic compound with a C.sub.2 to C.sub.10 olefin in the catalyst bed under 0.25 to 50 atmospheres of pressure and at temperatures in the range of 80.degree. C. to 500.degree. C., using as the catalyst a mole sieve characterized as acidic or an acidic cation exchange resin. For example, ethyl benzene is produced by feeding ethylene below the catalyst bed while benzene is conveniently added through the reflux in molar excess to that required to react with ethylene, thereby reacting substantially all of the ethylene and recovering benzene as the principal overhead and ethyl benzene in the bottoms.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1994},
month = {1}
}

Patent:

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