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Title: Apparatus for separating and recovering hydrogen isotopes

An apparatus for recovering hydrogen and separating its isotopes. The apparatus includes a housing bearing at least a fluid inlet and a fluid outlet. A baffle is disposed within the housing, attached thereto by a bracket. A hollow conduit is coiled about the baffle, in spaced relation to the baffle and the housing. The coiled conduit is at least partially filled with a hydride. The hydride can be heated to a high temperature and cooled to a low temperature quickly by circulating a heat transfer fluid in the housing. The spacing between the baffle and the housing maximizes the heat exchange rate between the fluid in the housing and the hydride in the conduit. The apparatus can be used to recover hydrogen isotopes (protium, deuterium and tritium) from gaseous mixtures, or to separate hydrogen isotopes from each other.
  1. (Aiken, SC)
Issue Date:
OSTI Identifier:
United States of America as represented by United States (Washington, DC) SRS
Patent Number(s):
US 5312597
Contract Number:
Research Org:
Country of Publication:
United States
apparatus; separating; recovering; hydrogen; isotopes; housing; bearing; fluid; inlet; outlet; baffle; disposed; attached; thereto; bracket; hollow; conduit; coiled; spaced; relation; partially; filled; hydride; heated; temperature; cooled; quickly; circulating; heat; transfer; spacing; maximizes; exchange; rate; recover; protium; deuterium; tritium; gaseous; mixtures; separate; attached thereto; hydrogen isotope; spaced relation; transfer fluid; gaseous mixture; heat exchange; heat transfer; hydrogen isotopes; fluid inlet; gaseous mixtures; recover hydrogen; recovering hydrogen; partially filled; fluid outlet; hollow conduit; /422/423/976/