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Title: Catalysts and method

Abstract

An improved catlayst and method for the oxyhydrochlorination of methane is disclosed. The catalyst includes a pyrogenic porous support on which is layered as active material, cobalt chloride in major proportion, and minor proportions of an alkali metal chloride and of a rare earth chloride. On contact of the catalyst with a gas flow of methane, HC1 and oxygen, more than 60% of the methane is converted and of that converted more than 40% occurs as monochloromethane. Advantageously, the monochloromethane can be used to produce gasoline boiling range hydrocarbons with the recycle of HCl for further reaction. This catalyst is also of value for the production of formic acid as are analogous catalysts with lead, silver or nickel chlorides substituted for the cobalt chloride.

Inventors:
 [1];  [1]
  1. (Pittsburgh, PA)
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
Pittsburgh Energy Technology Center
OSTI Identifier:
867838
Patent Number(s):
5019652
Assignee:
United States as represented by United States Department of (Washington, DC) OSTI
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
catalysts; method; improved; catlayst; oxyhydrochlorination; methane; disclosed; catalyst; pyrogenic; porous; support; layered; active; material; cobalt; chloride; major; proportion; minor; proportions; alkali; metal; rare; earth; contact; gas; flow; hc1; oxygen; 60; converted; 40; occurs; monochloromethane; advantageously; produce; gasoline; boiling; range; hydrocarbons; recycle; hcl; reaction; value; production; formic; acid; analogous; lead; silver; nickel; chlorides; substituted; range hydrocarbons; metal chloride; gas flow; active material; alkali metal; rare earth; porous support; boiling range; formic acid; produce gasoline; minor proportions; gasoline boiling; cobalt chloride; major proportion; pyrogenic porous; minor proportion; earth chloride; nickel chloride; produce gas; /999/502/

Citation Formats

Taylor, Charles E., and Noceti, Richard P. Catalysts and method. United States: N. p., 1991. Web.
Taylor, Charles E., & Noceti, Richard P. Catalysts and method. United States.
Taylor, Charles E., and Noceti, Richard P. Tue . "Catalysts and method". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/867838.
@article{osti_867838,
title = {Catalysts and method},
author = {Taylor, Charles E. and Noceti, Richard P.},
abstractNote = {An improved catlayst and method for the oxyhydrochlorination of methane is disclosed. The catalyst includes a pyrogenic porous support on which is layered as active material, cobalt chloride in major proportion, and minor proportions of an alkali metal chloride and of a rare earth chloride. On contact of the catalyst with a gas flow of methane, HC1 and oxygen, more than 60% of the methane is converted and of that converted more than 40% occurs as monochloromethane. Advantageously, the monochloromethane can be used to produce gasoline boiling range hydrocarbons with the recycle of HCl for further reaction. This catalyst is also of value for the production of formic acid as are analogous catalysts with lead, silver or nickel chlorides substituted for the cobalt chloride.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1991},
month = {1}
}

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