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Title: Homogeneous catalyst formulations for methanol production

Abstract

There is disclosed synthesis of CH.sub.3 OH from carbon monoxide and hydrogen using an extremely active homogeneous catalyst for methanol synthesis directly from synthesis gas. The catalyst operates preferably between 100.degree.-150.degree. C. and preferably at 100-150 psia synthesis gas to produce methanol. Use can be made of syngas mixtures which contain considerable quantities of other gases, such as nitrogen, methane or excess hydrogen. The catalyst is composed of two components: (a) a transition metal carbonyl complex and (b) an alkoxide component. In the simplest formulation, component (a) is a complex of nickel tetracarbonyl and component (b) is methoxide (CH.sub.3 O.sup.13 ), both being dissolved in a methanol solvent system. The presence of a co-solvent such as p-dioxane, THF, polyalcohols, ethers, hydrocarbons, and crown ethers accelerates the methanol synthesis reaction.

Inventors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4]
  1. (Port Jefferson, NY)
  2. (Shoreham, NY)
  3. (Hampton Bays, NY)
  4. (Huntington Station, NY)
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
ASSOC UNIVERSITIES INC
OSTI Identifier:
867429
Patent Number(s):
4935395
Assignee:
Associated Universities, Inc. (Washington, DC) BNL
DOE Contract Number:  
AC02-76CH00016
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
homogeneous; catalyst; formulations; methanol; production; disclosed; synthesis; oh; carbon; monoxide; hydrogen; extremely; active; directly; gas; operates; preferably; 100; degree; -150; 100-150; psia; produce; syngas; mixtures; contain; considerable; quantities; gases; nitrogen; methane; excess; composed; components; transition; metal; carbonyl; complex; alkoxide; component; simplest; formulation; nickel; tetracarbonyl; methoxide; 13; dissolved; solvent; presence; co-solvent; p-dioxane; thf; polyalcohols; ethers; hydrocarbons; crown; accelerates; reaction; produce methanol; crown ethers; homogeneous catalyst; ethanol production; gas mixtures; carbon monoxide; synthesis gas; transition metal; gas mixture; metal carbonyl; methanol production; methanol synthesis; carbonyl complex; catalyst formulations; active homogeneous; nickel tetracarbonyl; metal carbon; contain considerable; synthesis reaction; catalyst operates; oxide component; excess hydrogen; synthesis directly; extremely active; simplest form; disclosed synthesis; /502/518/

Citation Formats

Mahajan, Devinder, Sapienza, Richard S., Slegeir, William A., and O'Hare, Thomas E. Homogeneous catalyst formulations for methanol production. United States: N. p., 1990. Web.
Mahajan, Devinder, Sapienza, Richard S., Slegeir, William A., & O'Hare, Thomas E. Homogeneous catalyst formulations for methanol production. United States.
Mahajan, Devinder, Sapienza, Richard S., Slegeir, William A., and O'Hare, Thomas E. Mon . "Homogeneous catalyst formulations for methanol production". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/867429.
@article{osti_867429,
title = {Homogeneous catalyst formulations for methanol production},
author = {Mahajan, Devinder and Sapienza, Richard S. and Slegeir, William A. and O'Hare, Thomas E.},
abstractNote = {There is disclosed synthesis of CH.sub.3 OH from carbon monoxide and hydrogen using an extremely active homogeneous catalyst for methanol synthesis directly from synthesis gas. The catalyst operates preferably between 100.degree.-150.degree. C. and preferably at 100-150 psia synthesis gas to produce methanol. Use can be made of syngas mixtures which contain considerable quantities of other gases, such as nitrogen, methane or excess hydrogen. The catalyst is composed of two components: (a) a transition metal carbonyl complex and (b) an alkoxide component. In the simplest formulation, component (a) is a complex of nickel tetracarbonyl and component (b) is methoxide (CH.sub.3 O.sup.13 ), both being dissolved in a methanol solvent system. The presence of a co-solvent such as p-dioxane, THF, polyalcohols, ethers, hydrocarbons, and crown ethers accelerates the methanol synthesis reaction.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1990},
month = {1}
}

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