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Title: Combined electrophoresis-electrospray interface and method

Abstract

A system and method for analyzing molecular constituents of a composition sample includes: forming a solution of the sample, separating the solution by capillary electrophoresis into an eluent of constituents longitudinally separated according to their relative electrophoretic mobilities, electrospraying the eluent to form a charged spray in which the molecular constituents have a temporal distribution; and detecting or collecting the separated constituents in accordance with the temporal distribution in the spray. A first high-voltage (e.g., 5-100 KVDC) is applied to the solution. The spray is charged by applying a second high voltage (e.g., .+-.2-8 KVDC) between the eluent at the capillary exit and a cathode spaced in front of the exit. A complete electrical circuit is formed by a conductor which directly contacts the eluent at the capillary exit, or by conduction through a sheath electrode discharged in an annular sheath flow about the capillary exit.

Inventors:
 [1];  [1];  [2]
  1. Richland, WA
  2. North Augusta, SC
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
867199
Patent Number(s):
4885076
Assignee:
Battelle Memorial Institute (Richland, WA)
Patent Classifications (CPCs):
G - PHYSICS G01 - MEASURING G01N - INVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
H - ELECTRICITY H01 - BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS H01J - ELECTRIC DISCHARGE TUBES OR DISCHARGE LAMPS
DOE Contract Number:  
AC06-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
combined; electrophoresis-electrospray; interface; method; analyzing; molecular; constituents; composition; sample; forming; solution; separating; capillary; electrophoresis; eluent; longitudinally; separated; according; relative; electrophoretic; mobilities; electrospraying; form; charged; spray; temporal; distribution; detecting; collecting; accordance; high-voltage; 5-100; kvdc; applied; applying; voltage; 2-8; exit; cathode; spaced; front; complete; electrical; circuit; formed; conductor; directly; contacts; conduction; sheath; electrode; discharged; annular; flow; temporal distribution; molecular constituents; sheath flow; capillary electrophoresis; electrical circuit; capillary exit; relative electrophoretic; separated according; separated constituents; charged spray; combined electrophoresis-electrospray; composition sample; complete electrical; cathode spaced; analyzing molecular; electrophoresis-electrospray interface; electrophoretic mobilities; longitudinally separated; constituents longitudinally; directly contacts; /204/250/

Citation Formats

Smith, Richard P, Udseth, Harold R, and Olivares, Jose A. Combined electrophoresis-electrospray interface and method. United States: N. p., 1989. Web.
Smith, Richard P, Udseth, Harold R, & Olivares, Jose A. Combined electrophoresis-electrospray interface and method. United States.
Smith, Richard P, Udseth, Harold R, and Olivares, Jose A. Sun . "Combined electrophoresis-electrospray interface and method". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/867199.
@article{osti_867199,
title = {Combined electrophoresis-electrospray interface and method},
author = {Smith, Richard P and Udseth, Harold R and Olivares, Jose A},
abstractNote = {A system and method for analyzing molecular constituents of a composition sample includes: forming a solution of the sample, separating the solution by capillary electrophoresis into an eluent of constituents longitudinally separated according to their relative electrophoretic mobilities, electrospraying the eluent to form a charged spray in which the molecular constituents have a temporal distribution; and detecting or collecting the separated constituents in accordance with the temporal distribution in the spray. A first high-voltage (e.g., 5-100 KVDC) is applied to the solution. The spray is charged by applying a second high voltage (e.g., .+-.2-8 KVDC) between the eluent at the capillary exit and a cathode spaced in front of the exit. A complete electrical circuit is formed by a conductor which directly contacts the eluent at the capillary exit, or by conduction through a sheath electrode discharged in an annular sheath flow about the capillary exit.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1989},
month = {1}
}