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Title: Electrode assembly for use in a solid polymer electrolyte fuel cell

Abstract

A gas reaction fuel cell may be provided with a solid polymer electrolyte membrane. Porous gas diffusion electrodes are formed of carbon particles supporting a catalyst which is effective to enhance the gas reactions. The carbon particles define interstitial spaces exposing the catalyst on a large surface area of the carbon particles. A proton conducting material, such as a perfluorocarbon copolymer or ruthenium dioxide contacts the surface areas of the carbon particles adjacent the interstitial spaces. The proton conducting material enables protons produced by the gas reactions adjacent the supported catalyst to have a conductive path with the electrolyte membrane. The carbon particles provide a conductive path for electrons. A suitable electrode may be formed by dispersing a solution containing a proton conducting material over the surface of the electrode in a manner effective to coat carbon surfaces adjacent the interstitial spaces without impeding gas flow into the interstitial spaces.

Inventors:
 [1]
  1. Los Alamos, NM
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
867152
Patent Number(s):
4876115
Assignee:
United States Department of Energy (Washington, DC)
Patent Classifications (CPCs):
H - ELECTRICITY H01 - BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS H01M - PROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
Y - NEW / CROSS SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES Y02 - TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE Y02E - REDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
DOE Contract Number:  
W-7405-ENG-36
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
electrode; assembly; solid; polymer; electrolyte; fuel; cell; gas; reaction; provided; membrane; porous; diffusion; electrodes; formed; carbon; particles; supporting; catalyst; effective; enhance; reactions; define; interstitial; spaces; exposing; surface; proton; conducting; material; perfluorocarbon; copolymer; ruthenium; dioxide; contacts; adjacent; enables; protons; produced; supported; conductive; path; provide; electrons; suitable; dispersing; solution; containing; manner; coat; surfaces; impeding; flow; fuel cell; proton conducting; gas diffusion; electrolyte membrane; conducting material; electrolyte fuel; electrode assembly; solution containing; gas flow; polymer electrolyte; solid polymer; carbon particles; supported catalyst; conductive path; gas reaction; reaction fuel; surfaces adjacent; carbon surface; particles provide; diffusion electrodes; porous gas; material enables; /427/429/

Citation Formats

Raistrick, Ian D. Electrode assembly for use in a solid polymer electrolyte fuel cell. United States: N. p., 1989. Web.
Raistrick, Ian D. Electrode assembly for use in a solid polymer electrolyte fuel cell. United States.
Raistrick, Ian D. Sun . "Electrode assembly for use in a solid polymer electrolyte fuel cell". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/867152.
@article{osti_867152,
title = {Electrode assembly for use in a solid polymer electrolyte fuel cell},
author = {Raistrick, Ian D},
abstractNote = {A gas reaction fuel cell may be provided with a solid polymer electrolyte membrane. Porous gas diffusion electrodes are formed of carbon particles supporting a catalyst which is effective to enhance the gas reactions. The carbon particles define interstitial spaces exposing the catalyst on a large surface area of the carbon particles. A proton conducting material, such as a perfluorocarbon copolymer or ruthenium dioxide contacts the surface areas of the carbon particles adjacent the interstitial spaces. The proton conducting material enables protons produced by the gas reactions adjacent the supported catalyst to have a conductive path with the electrolyte membrane. The carbon particles provide a conductive path for electrons. A suitable electrode may be formed by dispersing a solution containing a proton conducting material over the surface of the electrode in a manner effective to coat carbon surfaces adjacent the interstitial spaces without impeding gas flow into the interstitial spaces.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1989},
month = {1}
}

Patent:

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