skip to main content
DOE Patents title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Catalytic two-stage coal hydrogenation process using extinction recycle of heavy liquid fraction

Abstract

A process for catalytic two-stage hydrogenation and liquefaction of coal with selective extinction recycle of all heavy liquid fractions boiling above a distillation cut point of about 600.degree.-750.degree. F. to produce increased yields of low-boiling hydrocarbon liquid and gas products. In the process, the particulate coal feed is slurried with a process-derived liquid solvent normally boiling above about 650.degree. F. and fed into a first stage catalytic reaction zone operated at conditions which promote controlled rate liquefaction of the coal, while simultaneously hydrogenating the hydrocarbon recycle oils. The first stage reactor is maintained at 710.degree.-800.degree. F. temperature, 1000-4000 psig hydrogen partial pressure, and 10-90 lb/hr per ft.sup.3 catalyst space velocity. Partially hydrogenated material withdrawn from the first stage reaction zone is passed directly to the second stage catalytic reaction zone maintained at 760.degree.-860.degree. F. temperature for further hydrogenation and hydroconversion reactions. A 600.degree.-750.degree. F..sup.+ fraction containing 0-20 W % unreacted coal and ash solids is recycled to the coal slurrying step. If desired, the cut point lower boiling fraction can be further catalytically hydrotreated. By this process, the coal feed is successively catalytically hydrogenated and hydroconverted at selected conditions, to provide significantly increased yields of desirable low-boiling hydrocarbon liquid productsmore » and minimal production of hydrocarbon gases, and no net production of undesirable heavy oils and residuum materials.« less

Inventors:
 [1];  [2];  [3]
  1. (Denville, NJ)
  2. (Yardley, PA)
  3. (Somerville, NJ)
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
Hydrocarbon Research Inc
OSTI Identifier:
867134
Patent Number(s):
4874506
Assignee:
HRI, Inc. (Lawrenceville, NJ) NETL
DOE Contract Number:  
AC22-83PC60017
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
catalytic; two-stage; coal; hydrogenation; process; extinction; recycle; heavy; liquid; fraction; liquefaction; selective; fractions; boiling; distillation; cut; 600; degree; -750; produce; increased; yields; low-boiling; hydrocarbon; gas; products; particulate; feed; slurried; process-derived; solvent; normally; 650; fed; stage; reaction; zone; operated; conditions; promote; controlled; rate; simultaneously; hydrogenating; oils; reactor; maintained; 710; -800; temperature; 1000-4000; psig; hydrogen; partial; pressure; 10-90; lb; catalyst; space; velocity; partially; hydrogenated; material; withdrawn; passed; directly; 760; -860; hydroconversion; reactions; containing; 0-20; unreacted; ash; solids; recycled; slurrying; step; desired; catalytically; hydrotreated; successively; hydroconverted; selected; provide; significantly; desirable; minimal; production; gases; net; undesirable; residuum; materials; stage catalytic; hydrogenation process; hydrogen partial; liquid fractions; psig hydrogen; zone maintained; hydrocarbon liquid; controlled rate; fraction containing; coal feed; hydrocarbon gas; reaction zone; partial pressure; liquid products; coal slurry; liquid solvent; liquid product; catalytic reaction; particulate coal; stage reactor; liquid fraction; low-boiling hydrocarbon; two-stage coal; hydrocarbon gases; coal hydrogenation; space velocity; provide significantly; unreacted coal; passed directly; significantly increased; stage reaction; partially hydrogenated; heavy oils; increased yields; heavy oil; gas product; catalytic two-stage; solvent normally; catalytically hydrotreated; normally boiling; gas products; conversion reaction; increased yield; heavy liquid; hydrogenated material; extinction recycle; significantly increase; coal hydrogen; stage hydrogenation; stage coal; carbon gases; produce increased; conversion reactions; /208/

Citation Formats

MacArthur, James B., Comolli, Alfred G., and McLean, Joseph B. Catalytic two-stage coal hydrogenation process using extinction recycle of heavy liquid fraction. United States: N. p., 1989. Web.
MacArthur, James B., Comolli, Alfred G., & McLean, Joseph B. Catalytic two-stage coal hydrogenation process using extinction recycle of heavy liquid fraction. United States.
MacArthur, James B., Comolli, Alfred G., and McLean, Joseph B. Sun . "Catalytic two-stage coal hydrogenation process using extinction recycle of heavy liquid fraction". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/867134.
@article{osti_867134,
title = {Catalytic two-stage coal hydrogenation process using extinction recycle of heavy liquid fraction},
author = {MacArthur, James B. and Comolli, Alfred G. and McLean, Joseph B.},
abstractNote = {A process for catalytic two-stage hydrogenation and liquefaction of coal with selective extinction recycle of all heavy liquid fractions boiling above a distillation cut point of about 600.degree.-750.degree. F. to produce increased yields of low-boiling hydrocarbon liquid and gas products. In the process, the particulate coal feed is slurried with a process-derived liquid solvent normally boiling above about 650.degree. F. and fed into a first stage catalytic reaction zone operated at conditions which promote controlled rate liquefaction of the coal, while simultaneously hydrogenating the hydrocarbon recycle oils. The first stage reactor is maintained at 710.degree.-800.degree. F. temperature, 1000-4000 psig hydrogen partial pressure, and 10-90 lb/hr per ft.sup.3 catalyst space velocity. Partially hydrogenated material withdrawn from the first stage reaction zone is passed directly to the second stage catalytic reaction zone maintained at 760.degree.-860.degree. F. temperature for further hydrogenation and hydroconversion reactions. A 600.degree.-750.degree. F..sup.+ fraction containing 0-20 W % unreacted coal and ash solids is recycled to the coal slurrying step. If desired, the cut point lower boiling fraction can be further catalytically hydrotreated. By this process, the coal feed is successively catalytically hydrogenated and hydroconverted at selected conditions, to provide significantly increased yields of desirable low-boiling hydrocarbon liquid products and minimal production of hydrocarbon gases, and no net production of undesirable heavy oils and residuum materials.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1989},
month = {1}
}

Patent:

Save / Share: