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Title: Closed loop computer control for an automatic transmission

Abstract

In an automotive vehicle having an automatic transmission that driveably connects a power source to the driving wheels, a method to control the application of hydraulic pressure to a clutch, whose engagement produces an upshift and whose disengagement produces a downshift, the speed of the power source, and the output torque of the transmission. The transmission output shaft torque and the power source speed are the controlled variables. The commanded power source torque and commanded hydraulic pressure supplied to the clutch are the control variables. A mathematical model is formulated that describes the kinematics and dynamics of the powertrain before, during and after a gear shift. The model represents the operating characteristics of each component and the structural arrangement of the components within the transmission being controlled. Next, a close loop feedback control is developed to determine the proper control law or compensation strategy to achieve an acceptably smooth gear ratio change, one in which the output torque disturbance is kept to a minimum and the duration of the shift is minimized. Then a computer algorithm simulating the shift dynamics employing the mathematical model is used to study the effects of changes in the values of the parameters established frommore » a closed loop control of the clutch hydraulic and the power source torque on the shift quality. This computer simulation is used also to establish possible shift control strategies. The shift strategies determined from the prior step are reduced to an algorithm executed by a computer to control the operation of the power source and the transmission.« less

Inventors:
 [1]
  1. (Detroit, MI)
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
FORD MOTOR CO
OSTI Identifier:
866917
Patent Number(s):
4821190
Assignee:
Ford Motor Company (Dearborn, MI) OSTI
DOE Contract Number:  
AC08-82NV10308
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
closed; loop; computer; control; automatic; transmission; automotive; vehicle; driveably; connects; power; source; driving; wheels; method; application; hydraulic; pressure; clutch; engagement; produces; upshift; disengagement; downshift; speed; output; torque; shaft; controlled; variables; commanded; supplied; mathematical; model; formulated; describes; kinematics; dynamics; powertrain; gear; shift; represents; operating; characteristics; component; structural; arrangement; components; close; feedback; developed; determine; proper; law; compensation; strategy; achieve; acceptably; smooth; ratio; change; disturbance; kept; minimum; duration; minimized; algorithm; simulating; employing; study; effects; changes; values; parameters; established; quality; simulation; establish; strategies; determined; prior; step; reduced; executed; operation; output torque; automotive vehicle; control variable; control variables; ratio change; automatic transmission; hydraulic pressure; operating characteristics; closed loop; output shaft; power source; feedback control; commanded power; mathematical model; computer control; transmission output; source speed; structural arrangement; computer algorithm; computer simulation; gear shift; gear ratio; control law; loop control; operating characteristic; loop feedback; driving wheels; driveably connects; /701/477/700/

Citation Formats

Patil, Prabhakar B. Closed loop computer control for an automatic transmission. United States: N. p., 1989. Web.
Patil, Prabhakar B. Closed loop computer control for an automatic transmission. United States.
Patil, Prabhakar B. Sun . "Closed loop computer control for an automatic transmission". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/866917.
@article{osti_866917,
title = {Closed loop computer control for an automatic transmission},
author = {Patil, Prabhakar B.},
abstractNote = {In an automotive vehicle having an automatic transmission that driveably connects a power source to the driving wheels, a method to control the application of hydraulic pressure to a clutch, whose engagement produces an upshift and whose disengagement produces a downshift, the speed of the power source, and the output torque of the transmission. The transmission output shaft torque and the power source speed are the controlled variables. The commanded power source torque and commanded hydraulic pressure supplied to the clutch are the control variables. A mathematical model is formulated that describes the kinematics and dynamics of the powertrain before, during and after a gear shift. The model represents the operating characteristics of each component and the structural arrangement of the components within the transmission being controlled. Next, a close loop feedback control is developed to determine the proper control law or compensation strategy to achieve an acceptably smooth gear ratio change, one in which the output torque disturbance is kept to a minimum and the duration of the shift is minimized. Then a computer algorithm simulating the shift dynamics employing the mathematical model is used to study the effects of changes in the values of the parameters established from a closed loop control of the clutch hydraulic and the power source torque on the shift quality. This computer simulation is used also to establish possible shift control strategies. The shift strategies determined from the prior step are reduced to an algorithm executed by a computer to control the operation of the power source and the transmission.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1989},
month = {1}
}

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