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Title: Fabrication of catalytic electrodes for molten carbonate fuel cells

Abstract

A porous layer of catalyst material suitable for use as an electrode in a molten carbonate fuel cell includes elongated pores substantially extending across the layer thickness. The catalyst layer is prepared by depositing particulate catalyst material into polymeric flocking on a substrate surface by a procedure such as tape casting. The loaded substrate is heated in a series of steps with rising temperatures to set the tape, thermally decompose the substrate with flocking and sinter bond the catalyst particles into a porous catalytic layer with elongated pores across its thickness. Employed as an electrode, the elongated pores provide distribution of reactant gas into contact with catalyst particles wetted by molten electrolyte.

Inventors:
 [1]
  1. Lemont, IL
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
866753
Patent Number(s):
4780437
Assignee:
United States of America as represented by United States (Washington, DC)
Patent Classifications (CPCs):
H - ELECTRICITY H01 - BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS H01M - PROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
Y - NEW / CROSS SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES Y02 - TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE Y02E - REDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
DOE Contract Number:  
W-31109-ENG-38
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
fabrication; catalytic; electrodes; molten; carbonate; fuel; cells; porous; layer; catalyst; material; suitable; electrode; cell; elongated; pores; substantially; extending; thickness; prepared; depositing; particulate; polymeric; flocking; substrate; surface; procedure; tape; casting; loaded; heated; series; steps; rising; temperatures; set; thermally; decompose; sinter; bond; particles; employed; provide; distribution; reactant; gas; contact; wetted; electrolyte; porous layer; material suitable; fuel cell; catalyst material; catalyst layer; catalyst particles; molten electrolyte; fuel cells; substrate surface; carbonate fuel; molten carbonate; reactant gas; tape casting; layer thickness; thermally decompose; substantially extending; sinter bond; catalytic electrode; particulate catalyst; catalyst particle; tape cast; /502/264/419/429/

Citation Formats

Smith, James L. Fabrication of catalytic electrodes for molten carbonate fuel cells. United States: N. p., 1988. Web.
Smith, James L. Fabrication of catalytic electrodes for molten carbonate fuel cells. United States.
Smith, James L. Fri . "Fabrication of catalytic electrodes for molten carbonate fuel cells". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/866753.
@article{osti_866753,
title = {Fabrication of catalytic electrodes for molten carbonate fuel cells},
author = {Smith, James L},
abstractNote = {A porous layer of catalyst material suitable for use as an electrode in a molten carbonate fuel cell includes elongated pores substantially extending across the layer thickness. The catalyst layer is prepared by depositing particulate catalyst material into polymeric flocking on a substrate surface by a procedure such as tape casting. The loaded substrate is heated in a series of steps with rising temperatures to set the tape, thermally decompose the substrate with flocking and sinter bond the catalyst particles into a porous catalytic layer with elongated pores across its thickness. Employed as an electrode, the elongated pores provide distribution of reactant gas into contact with catalyst particles wetted by molten electrolyte.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1988},
month = {1}
}

Patent:

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