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Title: Molten carbonate fuel cell

Abstract

A molten electrolyte fuel cell with an array of stacked cells and cell enclosures isolating each cell except for access to gas manifolds for the supply of fuel or oxidant gas or the removal of waste gas, the cell enclosures collectively providing an enclosure for the array and effectively avoiding the problems of electrolyte migration and the previous need for compression of stack components, the fuel cell further including an inner housing about and in cooperation with the array enclosure to provide a manifold system with isolated chambers for the supply and removal of gases. An external insulated housing about the inner housing provides thermal isolation to the cell components.

Inventors:
 [1];  [2]
  1. New Lenox, IL
  2. Lemont, IL
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
866453
Patent Number(s):
4714661
Assignee:
United States of America as represented by United States (Washington, DC)
Patent Classifications (CPCs):
H - ELECTRICITY H01 - BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS H01M - PROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
Y - NEW / CROSS SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES Y02 - TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE Y02E - REDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
DOE Contract Number:  
W-31109-ENG-38
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
molten; carbonate; fuel; cell; electrolyte; array; stacked; cells; enclosures; isolating; access; gas; manifolds; supply; oxidant; removal; waste; collectively; providing; enclosure; effectively; avoiding; migration; previous; compression; stack; components; including; inner; housing; cooperation; provide; manifold; isolated; chambers; gases; external; insulated; provides; thermal; isolation; cell component; gas manifolds; fuel cell; cell components; electrolyte fuel; oxidant gas; inner housing; waste gas; molten electrolyte; carbonate fuel; molten carbonate; electrolyte migration; thermal isolation; housing provides; cell enclosures; gas manifold; stacked cells; insulated housing; /429/

Citation Formats

Kaun, Thomas D, and Smith, James L. Molten carbonate fuel cell. United States: N. p., 1987. Web.
Kaun, Thomas D, & Smith, James L. Molten carbonate fuel cell. United States.
Kaun, Thomas D, and Smith, James L. Thu . "Molten carbonate fuel cell". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/866453.
@article{osti_866453,
title = {Molten carbonate fuel cell},
author = {Kaun, Thomas D and Smith, James L},
abstractNote = {A molten electrolyte fuel cell with an array of stacked cells and cell enclosures isolating each cell except for access to gas manifolds for the supply of fuel or oxidant gas or the removal of waste gas, the cell enclosures collectively providing an enclosure for the array and effectively avoiding the problems of electrolyte migration and the previous need for compression of stack components, the fuel cell further including an inner housing about and in cooperation with the array enclosure to provide a manifold system with isolated chambers for the supply and removal of gases. An external insulated housing about the inner housing provides thermal isolation to the cell components.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1987},
month = {1}
}

Patent:

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