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Title: Fuel processor for fuel cell power system

Abstract

A catalytic organic fuel processing apparatus, which can be used in a fuel cell power system, contains within a housing a catalyst chamber, a variable speed fan, and a combustion chamber. Vaporized organic fuel is circulated by the fan past the combustion chamber with which it is in indirect heat exchange relationship. The heated vaporized organic fuel enters a catalyst bed where it is converted into a desired product such as hydrogen needed to power the fuel cell. During periods of high demand, air is injected upstream of the combustion chamber and organic fuel injection means to burn with some of the organic fuel on the outside of the combustion chamber, and thus be in direct heat exchange relation with the organic fuel going into the catalyst bed.

Inventors:
 [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. Los Alamos, NM
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
866185
Patent Number(s):
4650727
Assignee:
United States of America as represented by United States (Washington, DC)
Patent Classifications (CPCs):
H - ELECTRICITY H01 - BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS H01M - PROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
Y - NEW / CROSS SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES Y02 - TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE Y02E - REDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
DOE Contract Number:  
W-7405-ENG-36
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
fuel; processor; cell; power; catalytic; organic; processing; apparatus; contains; housing; catalyst; chamber; variable; speed; fan; combustion; vaporized; circulated; past; indirect; heat; exchange; relationship; heated; enters; bed; converted; desired; product; hydrogen; periods; demand; air; injected; upstream; injection; means; burn; outside; direct; relation; fuel cell; fuel processing; cell power; combustion chamber; heat exchange; fuel injection; exchange relationship; catalyst bed; exchange relation; processing apparatus; organic fuel; variable speed; desired product; injection means; catalyst chamber; fuel processor; indirect heat; direct heat; /429/48/422/

Citation Formats

Vanderborgh, Nicholas E, Springer, Thomas E, and Huff, James R. Fuel processor for fuel cell power system. United States: N. p., 1987. Web.
Vanderborgh, Nicholas E, Springer, Thomas E, & Huff, James R. Fuel processor for fuel cell power system. United States.
Vanderborgh, Nicholas E, Springer, Thomas E, and Huff, James R. Thu . "Fuel processor for fuel cell power system". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/866185.
@article{osti_866185,
title = {Fuel processor for fuel cell power system},
author = {Vanderborgh, Nicholas E and Springer, Thomas E and Huff, James R},
abstractNote = {A catalytic organic fuel processing apparatus, which can be used in a fuel cell power system, contains within a housing a catalyst chamber, a variable speed fan, and a combustion chamber. Vaporized organic fuel is circulated by the fan past the combustion chamber with which it is in indirect heat exchange relationship. The heated vaporized organic fuel enters a catalyst bed where it is converted into a desired product such as hydrogen needed to power the fuel cell. During periods of high demand, air is injected upstream of the combustion chamber and organic fuel injection means to burn with some of the organic fuel on the outside of the combustion chamber, and thus be in direct heat exchange relation with the organic fuel going into the catalyst bed.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1987},
month = {1}
}

Patent:

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