skip to main content
DOE Patents title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Miniature solid-state gas compressor

Abstract

A miniature apparatus for compressing gases is disclosed in which an elastomer disposed between two opposing electrostrictive or piezoelectric ceramic blocks, or between a single electrostrictive or piezoelectric ceramic block and a rigid surface, is caused to extrude into or recede from a channel defined adjacent to the elastomer in response to application or removal of an electric field from the blocks. Individual cells of blocks and elastomer are connected to effect a gas compression by peristaltic activation of the individual cells. The apparatus is self-valving in that the first and last cells operate as inlet and outlet valves, respectively. Preferred electrostrictive and piezoelectric ceramic materials are disclosed, and an alternative, non-peristaltic embodiment of the apparatus is described.

Inventors:
 [1];  [2];  [3]
  1. (518 Illinois Ct., Westerville, OH 43081)
  2. (401 Glenn Rd., State College, PA 16801)
  3. (c/o Oakhurst Dr., R.D. 1, Box 99, Center Valley, PA 18034)
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), Los Alamos, NM
OSTI Identifier:
865443
Patent Number(s):
4515534
Assignee:
Lawless, William N. (518 Illinois Ct., Westerville, OH 43081);Cross, Leslie E. (401 Glenn Rd., State College, PA 16801);Steyert, William A. (c/o Oakhurst Dr., R.D. 1, Box 99, Center Valley, PA 18034) LANL
DOE Contract Number:  
W-7405-ENG-36
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
miniature; solid-state; gas; compressor; apparatus; compressing; gases; disclosed; elastomer; disposed; opposing; electrostrictive; piezoelectric; ceramic; blocks; single; block; rigid; surface; caused; extrude; recede; channel; defined; adjacent; response; application; removal; electric; field; individual; cells; connected; effect; compression; peristaltic; activation; self-valving; operate; inlet; outlet; valves; respectively; preferred; materials; alternative; non-peristaltic; embodiment; described; outlet valve; gas compressor; individual cells; ceramic material; electric field; ceramic materials; individual cell; ceramic blocks; piezoelectric ceramic; ceramic block; ceramic mater; /417/505/

Citation Formats

Lawless, William N., Cross, Leslie E., and Steyert, William A. Miniature solid-state gas compressor. United States: N. p., 1985. Web.
Lawless, William N., Cross, Leslie E., & Steyert, William A. Miniature solid-state gas compressor. United States.
Lawless, William N., Cross, Leslie E., and Steyert, William A. Tue . "Miniature solid-state gas compressor". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/865443.
@article{osti_865443,
title = {Miniature solid-state gas compressor},
author = {Lawless, William N. and Cross, Leslie E. and Steyert, William A.},
abstractNote = {A miniature apparatus for compressing gases is disclosed in which an elastomer disposed between two opposing electrostrictive or piezoelectric ceramic blocks, or between a single electrostrictive or piezoelectric ceramic block and a rigid surface, is caused to extrude into or recede from a channel defined adjacent to the elastomer in response to application or removal of an electric field from the blocks. Individual cells of blocks and elastomer are connected to effect a gas compression by peristaltic activation of the individual cells. The apparatus is self-valving in that the first and last cells operate as inlet and outlet valves, respectively. Preferred electrostrictive and piezoelectric ceramic materials are disclosed, and an alternative, non-peristaltic embodiment of the apparatus is described.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1985},
month = {1}
}

Patent:

Save / Share: