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Title: Solid oxide fuel cell having compound cross flow gas patterns

Abstract

A core construction for a fuel cell is disclosed having both parallel and cross flow passageways for the fuel and the oxidant gases. Each core passageway is defined by electrolyte and interconnect walls. Each electrolyte wall consists of cathode and anode materials sandwiching an electrolyte material. Each interconnect wall is formed as a sheet of inert support material having therein spaced small plugs of interconnect material, where cathode and anode materials are formed as layers on opposite sides of each sheet and are electrically connected together by the interconnect material plugs. Each interconnect wall in a wavy shape is connected along spaced generally parallel line-like contact areas between corresponding spaced pairs of generally parallel electrolyte walls, operable to define one tier of generally parallel flow passageways for the fuel and oxidant gases. Alternate tiers are arranged to have the passageways disposed normal to one another. Solid mechanical connection of the interconnect walls of adjacent tiers to the opposite sides of the common electrolyte wall therebetween is only at spaced point-like contact areas, 90 where the previously mentioned line-like contact areas cross one another.

Inventors:
 [1]
  1. (Hawthorn Woods, IL)
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), Argonne, IL
OSTI Identifier:
865407
Patent Number(s):
4510212
Assignee:
United States of America as represented by United States (Washington, DC) ANL
DOE Contract Number:  
W-31109-ENG-38
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
solid; oxide; fuel; cell; compound; flow; gas; patterns; core; construction; disclosed; parallel; passageways; oxidant; gases; passageway; defined; electrolyte; interconnect; walls; wall; consists; cathode; anode; materials; sandwiching; material; formed; sheet; inert; support; therein; spaced; plugs; layers; opposite; electrically; connected; wavy; shape; line-like; contact; corresponding; pairs; operable; define; tier; alternate; tiers; arranged; disposed; normal; mechanical; connection; adjacent; common; therebetween; point-like; 90; previously; mentioned; mechanical connection; materials sandwiching; parallel flow; wall consists; fuel cell; electrolyte wall; flow passageways; flow passage; anode materials; anode material; oxidant gas; oxide fuel; solid oxide; electrically connected; support material; oxidant gases; interconnect walls; electrolyte material; interconnect material; interconnect wall; inert support; common electrolyte; electrolyte walls; core passageway; core construction; flow gas; /429/

Citation Formats

Fraioli, Anthony V. Solid oxide fuel cell having compound cross flow gas patterns. United States: N. p., 1985. Web.
Fraioli, Anthony V. Solid oxide fuel cell having compound cross flow gas patterns. United States.
Fraioli, Anthony V. Tue . "Solid oxide fuel cell having compound cross flow gas patterns". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/865407.
@article{osti_865407,
title = {Solid oxide fuel cell having compound cross flow gas patterns},
author = {Fraioli, Anthony V.},
abstractNote = {A core construction for a fuel cell is disclosed having both parallel and cross flow passageways for the fuel and the oxidant gases. Each core passageway is defined by electrolyte and interconnect walls. Each electrolyte wall consists of cathode and anode materials sandwiching an electrolyte material. Each interconnect wall is formed as a sheet of inert support material having therein spaced small plugs of interconnect material, where cathode and anode materials are formed as layers on opposite sides of each sheet and are electrically connected together by the interconnect material plugs. Each interconnect wall in a wavy shape is connected along spaced generally parallel line-like contact areas between corresponding spaced pairs of generally parallel electrolyte walls, operable to define one tier of generally parallel flow passageways for the fuel and oxidant gases. Alternate tiers are arranged to have the passageways disposed normal to one another. Solid mechanical connection of the interconnect walls of adjacent tiers to the opposite sides of the common electrolyte wall therebetween is only at spaced point-like contact areas, 90 where the previously mentioned line-like contact areas cross one another.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1985},
month = {1}
}

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