skip to main content
DOE Patents title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Front lighted shadowgraphic method and apparatus

Abstract

High contrast silhouette images of a substantially opaque object are obtained using front illumination techniques. The object is frontally illuminated by light of a first polarization. A frontal surface of the object reflects the incident light to an observation station. The polarization of incident light bypassing the object and incident on a background is changed. The background light is reflected to the observation station, and the intensity of one of the two, differently polarized, reflected images is substantially reduced with respect to the other. Apparatus for carrying out the method includes a first polarizer for polarizing frontally incident illuminating light, a second polarizer behind the object and a reflective surface behind the second polarizer. A polarization analyzer, located in front of the object, is used to extinguish one of the two reflected images. Apparatus for carrying out the invention in instruments having a polarized light source and a polarization analyzer includes a combination of a polarizing material, for contacting a rear surface of the object, and a reflective surface provided adjacent the rear surface of the polarizing material. The combination is applied to the rear surface of the object. Back-surface mirrors of pleochroic substrates applied to thin film physical vapormore » deposited electronic circuit elements enable front lighted shadowgraphic imaging of the elements.« less

Inventors:
 [1]
  1. (Kansas City, MO)
Issue Date:
OSTI Identifier:
865357
Patent Number(s):
4501473
Application Number:
06/347,758
Assignee:
United States of America as represented by United States (Washington, DC) SNL
DOE Contract Number:  
AC04-81AD13564
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
front; lighted; shadowgraphic; method; apparatus; contrast; silhouette; images; substantially; opaque; obtained; illumination; techniques; frontally; illuminated; light; polarization; frontal; surface; reflects; incident; observation; station; bypassing; background; changed; reflected; intensity; polarized; reduced; respect; carrying; polarizer; polarizing; illuminating; reflective; analyzer; located; extinguish; instruments; source; combination; material; contacting; rear; provided; adjacent; applied; back-surface; mirrors; pleochroic; substrates; film; physical; vapor; deposited; electronic; circuit; elements; enable; imaging; background light; incident light; substantially reduced; electronic circuit; vapor deposited; rear surface; polarized light; light source; physical vapor; reflective surface; substantially reduce; circuit elements; circuit element; illuminating light; front lighted; substantially opaque; lighted shadowgraphic; surface mirrors; frontally illuminated; /359/

Citation Formats

Stone, William J. Front lighted shadowgraphic method and apparatus. United States: N. p., 1985. Web.
Stone, William J. Front lighted shadowgraphic method and apparatus. United States.
Stone, William J. Tue . "Front lighted shadowgraphic method and apparatus". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/865357.
@article{osti_865357,
title = {Front lighted shadowgraphic method and apparatus},
author = {Stone, William J.},
abstractNote = {High contrast silhouette images of a substantially opaque object are obtained using front illumination techniques. The object is frontally illuminated by light of a first polarization. A frontal surface of the object reflects the incident light to an observation station. The polarization of incident light bypassing the object and incident on a background is changed. The background light is reflected to the observation station, and the intensity of one of the two, differently polarized, reflected images is substantially reduced with respect to the other. Apparatus for carrying out the method includes a first polarizer for polarizing frontally incident illuminating light, a second polarizer behind the object and a reflective surface behind the second polarizer. A polarization analyzer, located in front of the object, is used to extinguish one of the two reflected images. Apparatus for carrying out the invention in instruments having a polarized light source and a polarization analyzer includes a combination of a polarizing material, for contacting a rear surface of the object, and a reflective surface provided adjacent the rear surface of the polarizing material. The combination is applied to the rear surface of the object. Back-surface mirrors of pleochroic substrates applied to thin film physical vapor deposited electronic circuit elements enable front lighted shadowgraphic imaging of the elements.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1985},
month = {2}
}

Patent:

Save / Share: