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Title: Explosive double salts and preparation

Abstract

Applicants have discovered a new composition of matter which is an explosive addition compound of ammonium nitrate (AN) and diethylenetriamine trinitrate (DETN) in a 50:50 molar ratio. The compound is stable over extended periods of time only at temperatures higher than 46.degree. C., decomposing to a fine-grained eutectic mixture (which is also believed to be new) of AN and DETN at temperatures lower than 46.degree. C. The compound of the invention has an x-ray density of 1.61 g/cm.sup.3, explodes to form essentially only gaseous products, has higher detonation properties (i.e., detonation velocity and pressure) than those of any mechanical mixture having the same density and composition as the compound of the invention, is a quite insensitive explosive material, can be cast at temperatures attainable by high pressure steam, and is prepared from inexpensive ingredients. Methods of preparing the compound of the invention and the fine-grained eutectic composition of the invention are given.

Inventors:
 [1];  [1]
  1. (Los Alamos, NM)
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), Los Alamos, NM
OSTI Identifier:
865234
Patent Number(s):
4481048
Assignee:
United States of America as represented by United States (Washington, DC) LANL
DOE Contract Number:  
W-7405-ENG-36
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
explosive; double; salts; preparation; applicants; discovered; composition; matter; addition; compound; ammonium; nitrate; diethylenetriamine; trinitrate; detn; 50; molar; ratio; stable; extended; periods; time; temperatures; 46; degree; decomposing; fine-grained; eutectic; mixture; believed; x-ray; density; 61; cm; explodes; form; essentially; gaseous; products; detonation; properties; velocity; pressure; mechanical; insensitive; material; cast; attainable; steam; prepared; inexpensive; ingredients; methods; preparing; detonation velocity; pressure steam; eutectic composition; explosive material; molar ratio; ammonium nitrate; gaseous product; gaseous products; extended period; insensitive explosive; sensitive explosive; mechanical mixture; form essentially; eutectic mixture; /149/999/

Citation Formats

Cady, Howard H., and Lee, Kien-yin. Explosive double salts and preparation. United States: N. p., 1984. Web.
Cady, Howard H., & Lee, Kien-yin. Explosive double salts and preparation. United States.
Cady, Howard H., and Lee, Kien-yin. Sun . "Explosive double salts and preparation". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/865234.
@article{osti_865234,
title = {Explosive double salts and preparation},
author = {Cady, Howard H. and Lee, Kien-yin},
abstractNote = {Applicants have discovered a new composition of matter which is an explosive addition compound of ammonium nitrate (AN) and diethylenetriamine trinitrate (DETN) in a 50:50 molar ratio. The compound is stable over extended periods of time only at temperatures higher than 46.degree. C., decomposing to a fine-grained eutectic mixture (which is also believed to be new) of AN and DETN at temperatures lower than 46.degree. C. The compound of the invention has an x-ray density of 1.61 g/cm.sup.3, explodes to form essentially only gaseous products, has higher detonation properties (i.e., detonation velocity and pressure) than those of any mechanical mixture having the same density and composition as the compound of the invention, is a quite insensitive explosive material, can be cast at temperatures attainable by high pressure steam, and is prepared from inexpensive ingredients. Methods of preparing the compound of the invention and the fine-grained eutectic composition of the invention are given.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1984},
month = {1}
}

Patent:

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