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Title: Device and method for separating oxygen isotopes

Abstract

A device and method for separating oxygen isotopes with an ArF laser which produces coherent radiation at approximately 193 nm. The output of the ArF laser is filtered in natural air and applied to an irradiation cell where it preferentially photodissociates molecules of oxygen gas containing .sup.17 O or .sup.18 O oxygen nuclides. A scavenger such as O.sub.2, CO or ethylene is used to collect the preferentially dissociated oxygen atoms and recycled to produce isotopically enriched molecular oxygen gas. Other embodiments utilize an ArF laser which is narrowly tuned with a prism or diffraction grating to preferentially photodissociate desired isotopes. Similarly, desired mixtures of isotopic gas can be used as a filter to photodissociate enriched preselected isotopes of oxygen.

Inventors:
 [1];  [1]
  1. (Los Alamos, NM)
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), Los Alamos, NM
OSTI Identifier:
864923
Patent Number(s):
4437958
Assignee:
United States of America as represented by United States (Washington, DC) LANL
DOE Contract Number:  
W-7405-ENG-36
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
device; method; separating; oxygen; isotopes; arf; laser; produces; coherent; radiation; approximately; 193; nm; output; filtered; natural; air; applied; irradiation; cell; preferentially; photodissociates; molecules; gas; containing; 17; 18; nuclides; scavenger; ethylene; collect; dissociated; atoms; recycled; produce; isotopically; enriched; molecular; embodiments; utilize; narrowly; tuned; prism; diffraction; grating; photodissociate; desired; similarly; mixtures; isotopic; filter; preselected; isotopically enriched; oxygen gas; coherent radiation; desired isotope; gas containing; diffraction grating; oxygen atoms; molecular oxygen; separating oxygen; oxygen isotopes; arf laser; selected isotope; oxygen atom; isotopic gas; /204/422/

Citation Formats

Rockwood, Stephen D., and Sander, Robert K. Device and method for separating oxygen isotopes. United States: N. p., 1984. Web.
Rockwood, Stephen D., & Sander, Robert K. Device and method for separating oxygen isotopes. United States.
Rockwood, Stephen D., and Sander, Robert K. Sun . "Device and method for separating oxygen isotopes". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/864923.
@article{osti_864923,
title = {Device and method for separating oxygen isotopes},
author = {Rockwood, Stephen D. and Sander, Robert K.},
abstractNote = {A device and method for separating oxygen isotopes with an ArF laser which produces coherent radiation at approximately 193 nm. The output of the ArF laser is filtered in natural air and applied to an irradiation cell where it preferentially photodissociates molecules of oxygen gas containing .sup.17 O or .sup.18 O oxygen nuclides. A scavenger such as O.sub.2, CO or ethylene is used to collect the preferentially dissociated oxygen atoms and recycled to produce isotopically enriched molecular oxygen gas. Other embodiments utilize an ArF laser which is narrowly tuned with a prism or diffraction grating to preferentially photodissociate desired isotopes. Similarly, desired mixtures of isotopic gas can be used as a filter to photodissociate enriched preselected isotopes of oxygen.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1984},
month = {1}
}

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