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Title: Method and apparatus for determining minority carrier diffusion length in semiconductors

Abstract

Method and apparatus are provided for determining the diffusion length of minority carriers in semiconductor material, particularly amorphous silicon, which has a significantly small minority carrier diffusion length using the constant magnitude surface-photovoltage (SPV) method. Steady or modulated illumination at several wavelengths provides the light excitation on the surface of the material to generate the SPV. A manually controlled or automatic servo system maintains a constant predetermined value of the SPV for each wavelength. A probe electrode immersed in an electrolyte solution containing redox couples (preferably quinhydrone) having an oxidation-reduction potential (E) in the order of +0.6 to -1.65 volts couples the SPV to a measurement system. The redox couple solution functions to create a liquid Schottky barrier at the surface of the material. The Schottky barrier is contacted by merely placing the probe in the solution. The redox solution is placed over and in contact with the material to be tested and light is passed through the solution to generate the SPV. To compensate for colored redox solutions a portion of the redox solution not over the material is also illuminated for determining the color compensated light intensity. Steady red light is also used as an optical bias tomore » reduce deleterious space-charge effects that occur in amorphous silicon.« less

Inventors:
 [1]
  1. (Princeton, NJ)
Issue Date:
OSTI Identifier:
864900
Patent Number(s):
4433288
Application Number:
06/280,918
Assignee:
RCA Corporation (New York, NY) OSTI
DOE Contract Number:  
XG-0-9372-1
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
method; apparatus; determining; minority; carrier; diffusion; length; semiconductors; provided; carriers; semiconductor; material; particularly; amorphous; silicon; significantly; constant; magnitude; surface-photovoltage; spv; steady; modulated; illumination; wavelengths; provides; light; excitation; surface; generate; manually; controlled; automatic; servo; maintains; predetermined; value; wavelength; probe; electrode; immersed; electrolyte; solution; containing; redox; couples; preferably; quinhydrone; oxidation-reduction; potential; -1; 65; volts; measurement; couple; functions; create; liquid; schottky; barrier; contacted; merely; placing; placed; contact; tested; passed; compensate; colored; solutions; portion; illuminated; color; compensated; intensity; optical; bias; reduce; deleterious; space-charge; effects; occur; carrier diffusion; diffusion length; schottky barrier; solution containing; amorphous silicon; semiconductor material; electrolyte solution; minority carrier; light intensity; predetermined value; minority carriers; reduction potential; reduce deleterious; redox couples; automatic servo; manually controlled; particularly amorphous; redox couple; modulated illumination; oxidation-reduction potential; determining minority; constant predetermined; light excitation; magnitude surface-photovoltage; /324/136/

Citation Formats

Moore, Arnold R. Method and apparatus for determining minority carrier diffusion length in semiconductors. United States: N. p., 1984. Web.
Moore, Arnold R. Method and apparatus for determining minority carrier diffusion length in semiconductors. United States.
Moore, Arnold R. Tue . "Method and apparatus for determining minority carrier diffusion length in semiconductors". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/864900.
@article{osti_864900,
title = {Method and apparatus for determining minority carrier diffusion length in semiconductors},
author = {Moore, Arnold R.},
abstractNote = {Method and apparatus are provided for determining the diffusion length of minority carriers in semiconductor material, particularly amorphous silicon, which has a significantly small minority carrier diffusion length using the constant magnitude surface-photovoltage (SPV) method. Steady or modulated illumination at several wavelengths provides the light excitation on the surface of the material to generate the SPV. A manually controlled or automatic servo system maintains a constant predetermined value of the SPV for each wavelength. A probe electrode immersed in an electrolyte solution containing redox couples (preferably quinhydrone) having an oxidation-reduction potential (E) in the order of +0.6 to -1.65 volts couples the SPV to a measurement system. The redox couple solution functions to create a liquid Schottky barrier at the surface of the material. The Schottky barrier is contacted by merely placing the probe in the solution. The redox solution is placed over and in contact with the material to be tested and light is passed through the solution to generate the SPV. To compensate for colored redox solutions a portion of the redox solution not over the material is also illuminated for determining the color compensated light intensity. Steady red light is also used as an optical bias to reduce deleterious space-charge effects that occur in amorphous silicon.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1984},
month = {2}
}

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