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Title: Storage depot for radioactive material

Abstract

Vertical drilling of cylindrical holes in the soil, and the lining of such holes, provides storage vaults called caissons. A guarded depot is provided with a plurality of such caissons covered by shielded closures preventing radiation from penetrating through any linear gap to the atmosphere. The heat generated by the radioactive material is dissipated through the vertical liner of the well into the adjacent soil and thus to the ground surface so that most of the heat from the radioactive material is dissipated into the atmosphere in a manner involving no significant amount of biologically harmful radiation. The passive cooling of the radioactive material without reliance upon pumps, personnel, or other factor which might fail, constitutes one of the most advantageous features of this system. Moreover this system is resistant to damage from tornadoes or earthquakes. Hermetically sealed containers of radioactive material may be positioned in the caissons. Loading vehicles can travel throughout the depot to permit great flexibility of loading and unloading radioactive materials. Radioactive material can be shifted to a more closely spaced caisson after ageing sufficiently to generate much less heat. The quantity of material stored in a caisson is restricted by the average capacity for heatmore » dissipation of the soil adjacent such caisson.« less

Inventors:
 [1]
  1. (Richland, WA)
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
Atlantic Richfield Hanford Co., Richland, Wash. (USA)
OSTI Identifier:
864746
Patent Number(s):
4410802
Assignee:
Szulinski; Milton J. (Richland, WA) OSTI
DOE Contract Number:  
AT(45-1)-2130
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
storage; depot; radioactive; material; vertical; drilling; cylindrical; holes; soil; lining; provides; vaults; called; caissons; guarded; provided; plurality; covered; shielded; closures; preventing; radiation; penetrating; linear; gap; atmosphere; heat; generated; dissipated; liner; adjacent; ground; surface; manner; involving; significant; amount; biologically; harmful; passive; cooling; reliance; pumps; personnel; factor; fail; constitutes; advantageous; features; moreover; resistant; damage; tornadoes; earthquakes; hermetically; sealed; containers; positioned; loading; vehicles; travel; throughout; permit; flexibility; unloading; materials; shifted; closely; spaced; caisson; ageing; sufficiently; generate; quantity; stored; restricted; average; capacity; dissipation; biologically harmful; radioactive material; hermetically sealed; passive cooling; active material; closely spaced; sealed container; heat generated; radioactive materials; heat dissipation; ground surface; active materials; significant amount; sealed containers; unloading radioactive; hermetically seal; cylindrical holes; /250/376/976/

Citation Formats

Szulinski, Milton J. Storage depot for radioactive material. United States: N. p., 1983. Web.
Szulinski, Milton J. Storage depot for radioactive material. United States.
Szulinski, Milton J. Sat . "Storage depot for radioactive material". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/864746.
@article{osti_864746,
title = {Storage depot for radioactive material},
author = {Szulinski, Milton J.},
abstractNote = {Vertical drilling of cylindrical holes in the soil, and the lining of such holes, provides storage vaults called caissons. A guarded depot is provided with a plurality of such caissons covered by shielded closures preventing radiation from penetrating through any linear gap to the atmosphere. The heat generated by the radioactive material is dissipated through the vertical liner of the well into the adjacent soil and thus to the ground surface so that most of the heat from the radioactive material is dissipated into the atmosphere in a manner involving no significant amount of biologically harmful radiation. The passive cooling of the radioactive material without reliance upon pumps, personnel, or other factor which might fail, constitutes one of the most advantageous features of this system. Moreover this system is resistant to damage from tornadoes or earthquakes. Hermetically sealed containers of radioactive material may be positioned in the caissons. Loading vehicles can travel throughout the depot to permit great flexibility of loading and unloading radioactive materials. Radioactive material can be shifted to a more closely spaced caisson after ageing sufficiently to generate much less heat. The quantity of material stored in a caisson is restricted by the average capacity for heat dissipation of the soil adjacent such caisson.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1983},
month = {1}
}

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