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Title: Metal halogen battery construction with improved technique for producing halogen hydrate

Abstract

An improved electrical energy storage system comprising, at least one cell having a positive electrode and a negative electrode separated by aqueous electrolyte, a store means wherein halogen hydrate is formed and stored as part of an aqueous material having a liquid level near the upper part of the store, means for circulating electrolyte through the cell, conduit means for transmitting halogen gas formed in the cell to a hydrate forming apparatus associated with the store, said hydrate forming apparatus including, a pump to which there is introduced quantities of the halogen gas and chilled water, said pump being located in the store and an outlet conduit leading from the pump and being substantially straight and generally vertically disposed and having an exit discharge into the gas space above the liquid level in the store, and wherein said hydrate forming apparatus is highly efficient and very resistant to plugging or jamming. The disclosure also relates to an improved method for producing chlorine hydrate in zinc chlorine batteries.

Inventors:
 [1];  [2];  [3]
  1. (Royal Oak, MI)
  2. (Rochester, MI)
  3. (Mt. Clemens, MI)
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
ENERGY DEVELOPMENT ASSOC
OSTI Identifier:
864559
Patent Number(s):
4385099
Assignee:
Energy Development Associates, Inc. (Madison Heights, MI) OSTI
DOE Contract Number:  
AC02-78ET26923
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
metal; halogen; battery; construction; improved; technique; producing; hydrate; electrical; energy; storage; comprising; cell; positive; electrode; negative; separated; aqueous; electrolyte; store; means; formed; stored; material; liquid; level; near; upper; circulating; conduit; transmitting; gas; forming; apparatus; associated; including; pump; introduced; quantities; chilled; water; located; outlet; leading; substantially; straight; vertically; disposed; exit; discharge; space; highly; efficient; resistant; plugging; jamming; disclosure; relates; method; chlorine; zinc; batteries; forming apparatus; halogen hydrate; aqueous electrolyte; halogen battery; vertically disposed; improved method; positive electrode; negative electrode; electrical energy; energy storage; liquid level; conduit means; highly efficient; apparatus including; improved electrical; metal halogen; substantially straight; chilled water; outlet conduit; halogen gas; gas formed; electrode separated; conduit leading; circulating electrolyte; battery construction; /429/

Citation Formats

Fong, Walter L., Catherino, Henry A., and Kotch, Richard J. Metal halogen battery construction with improved technique for producing halogen hydrate. United States: N. p., 1983. Web.
Fong, Walter L., Catherino, Henry A., & Kotch, Richard J. Metal halogen battery construction with improved technique for producing halogen hydrate. United States.
Fong, Walter L., Catherino, Henry A., and Kotch, Richard J. Sat . "Metal halogen battery construction with improved technique for producing halogen hydrate". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/864559.
@article{osti_864559,
title = {Metal halogen battery construction with improved technique for producing halogen hydrate},
author = {Fong, Walter L. and Catherino, Henry A. and Kotch, Richard J.},
abstractNote = {An improved electrical energy storage system comprising, at least one cell having a positive electrode and a negative electrode separated by aqueous electrolyte, a store means wherein halogen hydrate is formed and stored as part of an aqueous material having a liquid level near the upper part of the store, means for circulating electrolyte through the cell, conduit means for transmitting halogen gas formed in the cell to a hydrate forming apparatus associated with the store, said hydrate forming apparatus including, a pump to which there is introduced quantities of the halogen gas and chilled water, said pump being located in the store and an outlet conduit leading from the pump and being substantially straight and generally vertically disposed and having an exit discharge into the gas space above the liquid level in the store, and wherein said hydrate forming apparatus is highly efficient and very resistant to plugging or jamming. The disclosure also relates to an improved method for producing chlorine hydrate in zinc chlorine batteries.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1983},
month = {1}
}

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