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Title: Heat pump apparatus

Abstract

A heat pump apparatus including a compact arrangement of individual tubular reactors containing hydride-dehydride beds in opposite end sections, each pair of beds in each reactor being operable by sequential and coordinated treatment with a plurality of heat transfer fluids in a plurality of processing stages, and first and second valves located adjacent the reactor end sections with rotatable members having multiple ports and associated portions for separating the hydride beds at each of the end sections into groups and for simultaneously directing a plurality of heat transfer fluids to the different groups. As heat is being generated by a group of beds, others are being regenerated so that heat is continuously available for space heating. As each of the processing stages is completed for a hydride bed or group of beds, each valve member is rotated causing the heat transfer fluid for the heat processing stage to be directed to that bed or group of beds. Each of the end sections are arranged to form a closed perimeter and the valve member may be rotated repeatedly about the perimeter to provide a continuous operation. Both valves are driven by a common motor to provide a coordinated treatment of bedsmore » in the same reactors. The heat pump apparatus is particularly suitable for the utilization of thermal energy supplied by solar collectors and concentrators but may be used with any source of heat, including a source of low-grade heat.« less

Inventors:
 [1];  [2]
  1. (Wheaton, IL)
  2. (Woodridge, IL)
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), Argonne, IL
OSTI Identifier:
864486
Patent Number(s):
4372376
Assignee:
United States of America as represented by United States (Washington, DC) ANL
DOE Contract Number:  
W-31109-ENG-38
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
heat; pump; apparatus; including; compact; arrangement; individual; tubular; reactors; containing; hydride-dehydride; beds; opposite; sections; pair; reactor; operable; sequential; coordinated; treatment; plurality; transfer; fluids; processing; stages; valves; located; adjacent; rotatable; multiple; ports; associated; portions; separating; hydride; simultaneously; directing; generated; regenerated; continuously; available; space; heating; completed; bed; valve; rotated; causing; fluid; stage; directed; arranged; form; closed; perimeter; repeatedly; provide; continuous; operation; driven; common; motor; particularly; suitable; utilization; thermal; energy; supplied; solar; collectors; concentrators; source; low-grade; space heating; pump apparatus; solar collectors; transfer fluid; continuous operation; solar collector; particularly suitable; heat pump; heat transfer; thermal energy; apparatus including; located adjacent; reactors containing; valves located; energy supplied; heat processing; hydride bed; tubular reactor; /165/

Citation Formats

Nelson, Paul A., and Horowitz, Jeffrey S. Heat pump apparatus. United States: N. p., 1983. Web.
Nelson, Paul A., & Horowitz, Jeffrey S. Heat pump apparatus. United States.
Nelson, Paul A., and Horowitz, Jeffrey S. Sat . "Heat pump apparatus". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/864486.
@article{osti_864486,
title = {Heat pump apparatus},
author = {Nelson, Paul A. and Horowitz, Jeffrey S.},
abstractNote = {A heat pump apparatus including a compact arrangement of individual tubular reactors containing hydride-dehydride beds in opposite end sections, each pair of beds in each reactor being operable by sequential and coordinated treatment with a plurality of heat transfer fluids in a plurality of processing stages, and first and second valves located adjacent the reactor end sections with rotatable members having multiple ports and associated portions for separating the hydride beds at each of the end sections into groups and for simultaneously directing a plurality of heat transfer fluids to the different groups. As heat is being generated by a group of beds, others are being regenerated so that heat is continuously available for space heating. As each of the processing stages is completed for a hydride bed or group of beds, each valve member is rotated causing the heat transfer fluid for the heat processing stage to be directed to that bed or group of beds. Each of the end sections are arranged to form a closed perimeter and the valve member may be rotated repeatedly about the perimeter to provide a continuous operation. Both valves are driven by a common motor to provide a coordinated treatment of beds in the same reactors. The heat pump apparatus is particularly suitable for the utilization of thermal energy supplied by solar collectors and concentrators but may be used with any source of heat, including a source of low-grade heat.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1983},
month = {1}
}

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