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Title: Molten salt lithium cells

Abstract

Lithium-based cells are promising for applications such as electric vehicles and load-leveling for power plants since lithium is very electropositive and light weight. One type of lithium-based cell utilizes a molten salt electrolyte and is operated in the temperature range of about 400.degree.-500.degree. C. Such high temperature operation accelerates corrosion problems and a substantial amount of energy is lost through heat transfer. The present invention provides an electrochemical cell (10) which may be operated at temperatures between about 100.degree.-170.degree. C. Cell (10) comprises an electrolyte (16), which preferably includes lithium nitrate, and a lithium or lithium alloy electrode (12).

Inventors:
 [1];  [2];  [3]
  1. (Menlo Park, CA)
  2. (Portola Valley, CA)
  3. (Stanford, CA)
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
Stanford Univ., CA (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
864131
Patent Number(s):
4315059
Application Number:
06/170,254
Assignee:
United States of America as represented by United States (Washington, DC) SLAC
DOE Contract Number:  
AC02-77ET25402
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
molten; salt; lithium; cells; lithium-based; promising; applications; electric; vehicles; load-leveling; power; plants; electropositive; light; weight; type; cell; utilizes; electrolyte; operated; temperature; range; 400; degree; -500; operation; accelerates; corrosion; substantial; amount; energy; lost; heat; transfer; provides; electrochemical; 10; temperatures; 100; -170; comprises; 16; preferably; nitrate; alloy; electrode; 12; cell utilizes; temperature operation; power plants; light weight; electric vehicle; temperature range; electrochemical cell; heat transfer; molten salt; power plant; lithium alloy; salt electrolyte; substantial amount; electric vehicles; alloy electrode; accelerates corrosion; lithium-based cells; lithium nitrate; operation accelerates; lithium-based cell; lithium cells; salt lithium; /429/

Citation Formats

Raistrick, Ian D., Poris, Jaime, and Huggins, Robert A. Molten salt lithium cells. United States: N. p., 1982. Web.
Raistrick, Ian D., Poris, Jaime, & Huggins, Robert A. Molten salt lithium cells. United States.
Raistrick, Ian D., Poris, Jaime, and Huggins, Robert A. Tue . "Molten salt lithium cells". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/864131.
@article{osti_864131,
title = {Molten salt lithium cells},
author = {Raistrick, Ian D. and Poris, Jaime and Huggins, Robert A.},
abstractNote = {Lithium-based cells are promising for applications such as electric vehicles and load-leveling for power plants since lithium is very electropositive and light weight. One type of lithium-based cell utilizes a molten salt electrolyte and is operated in the temperature range of about 400.degree.-500.degree. C. Such high temperature operation accelerates corrosion problems and a substantial amount of energy is lost through heat transfer. The present invention provides an electrochemical cell (10) which may be operated at temperatures between about 100.degree.-170.degree. C. Cell (10) comprises an electrolyte (16), which preferably includes lithium nitrate, and a lithium or lithium alloy electrode (12).},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1982},
month = {2}
}

Patent:

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