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Title: Method and system for ethanol production

Abstract

A transition metal carbonyl and a tertiary amine are employed as a homogeneous catalytic system in methanol or a less volatile solvent to react methanol with carbon monoxide and hydrogen gas producing ethanol and carbon dioxide. The gas contains a high carbon monoxide to hydrogen ratio as is present in a typical gasifier product. The reaction has potential for anhydrous ethanol production as carbon dioxide rather than water is produced. The only other significant by product is methane. Selected transition metal carbonyls include those of iron, ruthenium and possibly manganese and osmium. Selected amines include trimethylamine, N-Methylpyrrolidine, 24-diazabicyclooctane, dimethyneopentylamine and 2-pryidinol.

Inventors:
 [1];  [1]
  1. (Darien, IL)
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), Argonne, IL
OSTI Identifier:
864047
Patent Number(s):
4301312
Assignee:
United States of America as represented by United States (Washington, DC) ANL
DOE Contract Number:  
W-31109-ENG-38
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
method; ethanol; production; transition; metal; carbonyl; tertiary; amine; employed; homogeneous; catalytic; methanol; volatile; solvent; react; carbon; monoxide; hydrogen; gas; producing; dioxide; contains; ratio; typical; gasifier; product; reaction; potential; anhydrous; water; produced; significant; methane; selected; carbonyls; iron; ruthenium; possibly; manganese; osmium; amines; trimethylamine; n-methylpyrrolidine; 24-diazabicyclooctane; dimethyneopentylamine; 2-pryidinol; volatile solvent; ethanol production; producing ethanol; hydrogen gas; carbon dioxide; carbon monoxide; transition metal; metal carbonyl; tertiary amine; react methanol; metal carbonyls; metal carbon; gas contains; gas producing; hydrogen ratio; homogeneous catalytic; /999/502/

Citation Formats

Feder, Harold M., and Chen, Michael J. Method and system for ethanol production. United States: N. p., 1981. Web.
Feder, Harold M., & Chen, Michael J. Method and system for ethanol production. United States.
Feder, Harold M., and Chen, Michael J. Thu . "Method and system for ethanol production". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/864047.
@article{osti_864047,
title = {Method and system for ethanol production},
author = {Feder, Harold M. and Chen, Michael J.},
abstractNote = {A transition metal carbonyl and a tertiary amine are employed as a homogeneous catalytic system in methanol or a less volatile solvent to react methanol with carbon monoxide and hydrogen gas producing ethanol and carbon dioxide. The gas contains a high carbon monoxide to hydrogen ratio as is present in a typical gasifier product. The reaction has potential for anhydrous ethanol production as carbon dioxide rather than water is produced. The only other significant by product is methane. Selected transition metal carbonyls include those of iron, ruthenium and possibly manganese and osmium. Selected amines include trimethylamine, N-Methylpyrrolidine, 24-diazabicyclooctane, dimethyneopentylamine and 2-pryidinol.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1981},
month = {1}
}

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