DOE Patents title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Process for producing methane from gas streams containing carbon monoxide and hydrogen

Abstract

Carbon monoxide-containing gas streams are passed over a catalyst capable of catalyzing the disproportionation of carbon monoxide so as to deposit a surface layer of active surface carbon on the catalyst essentially without formation of inactive coke thereon. The surface layer is contacted with steam and is thus converted to methane and CO2, from which a relatively pure methane product may be obtained. While carbon monoxide-containing gas streams having hydrogen or water present therein can be used only the carbon monoxide available after reaction with said hydrogen or water is decomposed to form said active surface carbon. Although hydrogen or water will be converted, partially or completely, to methane that can be utilized in a combustion zone to generate heat for steam production or other energy recovery purposes, said hydrogen is selectively removed from a CO--H2 -containing feed stream by partial oxidation thereof prior to disproportionation of the CO content of said stream.

Inventors:
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
Union Carbide Corporation, New York, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
863756
Patent Number(s):
4242105
Application Number:
06/083473
Assignee:
Union Carbide Corporation (New York, NY)
Patent Classifications (CPCs):
C - CHEMISTRY C07 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY C07C - ACYCLIC OR CARBOCYCLIC COMPOUNDS
C - CHEMISTRY C10 - PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES C10K - PURIFYING OR MODIFYING THE CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF COMBUSTIBLE GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE
DOE Contract Number:  
AC03-78CS40177
Resource Type:
Patent
Resource Relation:
Patent File Date: 1979 Oct 10
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
process; producing; methane; gas; streams; containing; carbon; monoxide; hydrogen; monoxide-containing; passed; catalyst; capable; catalyzing; disproportionation; deposit; surface; layer; active; essentially; formation; inactive; coke; thereon; contacted; steam; converted; relatively; pure; product; obtained; water; therein; available; reaction; decomposed; form; partially; completely; utilized; combustion; zone; generate; heat; production; energy; recovery; purposes; selectively; removed; co-h; -containing; feed; stream; partial; oxidation; prior; content; streams containing; carbon monoxide-containing; relatively pure; partial oxidation; combustion zone; carbon monoxide; gas stream; feed stream; gas streams; surface layer; active surface; containing gas; energy recovery; containing carbon; surface carbon; selectively removed; monoxide-containing gas; catalyst capable; selectively remove; inactive coke; producing methane; methane product; oxide-containing gas; /48/423/518/585/

Citation Formats

Frost, Albert C. Process for producing methane from gas streams containing carbon monoxide and hydrogen. United States: N. p., 1980. Web.
Frost, Albert C. Process for producing methane from gas streams containing carbon monoxide and hydrogen. United States.
Frost, Albert C. Tue . "Process for producing methane from gas streams containing carbon monoxide and hydrogen". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/863756.
@article{osti_863756,
title = {Process for producing methane from gas streams containing carbon monoxide and hydrogen},
author = {Frost, Albert C.},
abstractNote = {Carbon monoxide-containing gas streams are passed over a catalyst capable of catalyzing the disproportionation of carbon monoxide so as to deposit a surface layer of active surface carbon on the catalyst essentially without formation of inactive coke thereon. The surface layer is contacted with steam and is thus converted to methane and CO2, from which a relatively pure methane product may be obtained. While carbon monoxide-containing gas streams having hydrogen or water present therein can be used only the carbon monoxide available after reaction with said hydrogen or water is decomposed to form said active surface carbon. Although hydrogen or water will be converted, partially or completely, to methane that can be utilized in a combustion zone to generate heat for steam production or other energy recovery purposes, said hydrogen is selectively removed from a CO--H2 -containing feed stream by partial oxidation thereof prior to disproportionation of the CO content of said stream.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1980},
month = {1}
}

Works referenced in this record:

II. Ignition phenomena in mixtures of carbon monoxide and oxygen sensitized by hydrogen
journal, September 1938

  • Buckler, E. J.; Wreyford Norrish, Ronald George
  • Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series A. Mathematical and Physical Sciences, Vol. 167, Issue 930, p. 292-318
  • https://doi.org/10.1098/rspa.1938.0133