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Title: Treatment of electrochemical cell components with lithium tetrachloroaluminate (LiAlCl.sub.4) to promote electrolyte wetting

Abstract

Electrochemical cell components such as interelectrode separators, retaining screens and current collectors are contacted with lithium tetrachloroaluminate prior to contact with molten electrolytic salt to improve electrolyte wetting. The LiAlCl.sub.4 can be applied in powdered, molten or solution form but, since this material has a lower melting point than the electrolytic salt used in high-temperature cells, the powdered LiAlCl.sub.4 forms a molten flux prior to contact by the molten electrolyte when both materials are initially provided in solid form. Components of materials such as boron nitride and other materials which are difficult to wet with molten salts are advantageously treated by this process.

Inventors:
 [1];  [2]
  1. (Naperville, IL)
  2. (Oak Forest, IL)
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), Argonne, IL
OSTI Identifier:
863509
Patent Number(s):
4189827
Assignee:
United States of America as represented by United States (Washington, DC) ANL
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
treatment; electrochemical; cell; components; lithium; tetrachloroaluminate; lialcl; promote; electrolyte; wetting; interelectrode; separators; retaining; screens; current; collectors; contacted; prior; contact; molten; electrolytic; salt; improve; applied; powdered; solution; form; material; melting; high-temperature; cells; forms; flux; materials; initially; provided; solid; boron; nitride; difficult; wet; salts; advantageously; treated; process; cell component; electrolytic salt; solid form; cell components; molten electrolyte; current collector; boron nitride; electrochemical cell; molten salt; current collectors; solution form; molten electrolytic; high-temperature cells; interelectrode separators; interelectrode separator; electrode separator; initially provided; temperature cells; electrode separators; /29/427/429/

Citation Formats

Eberhart, James G., and Battles, James E. Treatment of electrochemical cell components with lithium tetrachloroaluminate (LiAlCl.sub.4) to promote electrolyte wetting. United States: N. p., 1980. Web.
Eberhart, James G., & Battles, James E. Treatment of electrochemical cell components with lithium tetrachloroaluminate (LiAlCl.sub.4) to promote electrolyte wetting. United States.
Eberhart, James G., and Battles, James E. Tue . "Treatment of electrochemical cell components with lithium tetrachloroaluminate (LiAlCl.sub.4) to promote electrolyte wetting". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/863509.
@article{osti_863509,
title = {Treatment of electrochemical cell components with lithium tetrachloroaluminate (LiAlCl.sub.4) to promote electrolyte wetting},
author = {Eberhart, James G. and Battles, James E.},
abstractNote = {Electrochemical cell components such as interelectrode separators, retaining screens and current collectors are contacted with lithium tetrachloroaluminate prior to contact with molten electrolytic salt to improve electrolyte wetting. The LiAlCl.sub.4 can be applied in powdered, molten or solution form but, since this material has a lower melting point than the electrolytic salt used in high-temperature cells, the powdered LiAlCl.sub.4 forms a molten flux prior to contact by the molten electrolyte when both materials are initially provided in solid form. Components of materials such as boron nitride and other materials which are difficult to wet with molten salts are advantageously treated by this process.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1980},
month = {1}
}

Patent:

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