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Title: Process for phase separation

Abstract

This invention provides a continuous process for separating a gaseous phase from a hydrocarbon liquid containing carbonaceous particulates and gases. The liquid is fed to a cylindrical separator, with the gaseous phase being removed therefrom as an overhead product, whereas the hydrocarbon liquid and the particulates are withdrawn as a bottoms product. By feeding the liquid tangentially to the separator and maintaining a particulate-liquid slurry downward velocity of from about 0.01 to about 0.25 fps in the separator, a total solids weight percent in the slurry of from about 0.1 to about 30%, a slurry temperature of from about 550.degree. to about 900.degree. F., a slurry residence time in the separator of from about 30 to about 360 seconds, and a length/diameter ratio for the separator of from about 20/1 to about 50/1, so that the characterization factor, .alpha., defined as ##STR1## DOES NOT EXCEED ABOUT 48 (.degree.R sec.sup.2)/ft, the deposit of carbonaceous materials on the interior surface of the separator may be substantially eliminated.

Inventors:
 [1]
  1. (Yardley, PA)
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
National Energy Technology Laboratory, Pittsburgh, PA, and Morgantown, WV
OSTI Identifier:
863332
Patent Number(s):
4151073
Assignee:
Hydrocarbon Research, Inc. () NETL
DOE Contract Number:  
E(49-18)-1544
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
process; phase; separation; provides; continuous; separating; gaseous; hydrocarbon; liquid; containing; carbonaceous; particulates; gases; fed; cylindrical; separator; removed; therefrom; overhead; product; withdrawn; bottoms; feeding; tangentially; maintaining; particulate-liquid; slurry; downward; velocity; 01; 25; fps; total; solids; weight; percent; 30; temperature; 550; degree; 900; residence; time; 360; length; diameter; ratio; 20; 50; characterization; factor; alpha; defined; str1; exceed; 48; deposit; materials; interior; surface; substantially; eliminated; slurry residence; hydrocarbon liquid; phase separation; residence time; carbonaceous materials; weight percent; carbonaceous material; interior surface; continuous process; gaseous phase; containing carbon; liquid containing; removed therefrom; substantially eliminated; substantially eliminate; diameter ratio; total solids; containing carbonaceous; /208/

Citation Formats

Comolli, Alfred G. Process for phase separation. United States: N. p., 1979. Web.
Comolli, Alfred G. Process for phase separation. United States.
Comolli, Alfred G. Mon . "Process for phase separation". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/863332.
@article{osti_863332,
title = {Process for phase separation},
author = {Comolli, Alfred G.},
abstractNote = {This invention provides a continuous process for separating a gaseous phase from a hydrocarbon liquid containing carbonaceous particulates and gases. The liquid is fed to a cylindrical separator, with the gaseous phase being removed therefrom as an overhead product, whereas the hydrocarbon liquid and the particulates are withdrawn as a bottoms product. By feeding the liquid tangentially to the separator and maintaining a particulate-liquid slurry downward velocity of from about 0.01 to about 0.25 fps in the separator, a total solids weight percent in the slurry of from about 0.1 to about 30%, a slurry temperature of from about 550.degree. to about 900.degree. F., a slurry residence time in the separator of from about 30 to about 360 seconds, and a length/diameter ratio for the separator of from about 20/1 to about 50/1, so that the characterization factor, .alpha., defined as ##STR1## DOES NOT EXCEED ABOUT 48 (.degree.R sec.sup.2)/ft, the deposit of carbonaceous materials on the interior surface of the separator may be substantially eliminated.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1979},
month = {1}
}

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