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Title: Treatment of organic waste

Abstract

An organic waste containing at least one element selected from the group consisting of strontium, cesium, iodine and ruthenium is treated to achieve a substantial reduction in the volume of the waste and provide for fixation of the selected element in an inert salt. The method of treatment comprises introducing the organic waste and a source of oxygen into a molten salt bath maintained at an elevated temperature to produce solid and gaseous reaction products. The gaseous reaction products comprise carbon dioxide and water vapor, and the solid reaction products comprise the inorganic ash constituents of the organic waste and the selected element which is retained in the molten salt. The molten salt bath comprises one or more alkali metal carbonates, and may optionally include from 1 to about 25 wt.% of an alkali metal sulfate.

Inventors:
 [1]
  1. (Calabasas, CA)
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
Rockwell International Corporation (El Segundo, CA)
OSTI Identifier:
863313
Patent Number(s):
4145396
Assignee:
Rockwell International Corporation (El Segundo, CA) OSTI
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
treatment; organic; waste; containing; element; selected; consisting; strontium; cesium; iodine; ruthenium; treated; achieve; substantial; reduction; volume; provide; fixation; inert; salt; method; comprises; introducing; source; oxygen; molten; bath; maintained; elevated; temperature; produce; solid; gaseous; reaction; products; comprise; carbon; dioxide; water; vapor; inorganic; ash; constituents; retained; alkali; metal; carbonates; optionally; 25; wt; sulfate; metal carbonates; comprises introducing; metal sulfate; salt bath; water vapor; carbon dioxide; alkali metal; elevated temperature; molten salt; reaction product; reaction products; element selected; organic waste; waste containing; substantial reduction; metal carbonate; solid reaction; bath maintained; metal carbon; gaseous reaction; selected element; products comprise; bath comprises; /588/55/423/976/

Citation Formats

Grantham, LeRoy F. Treatment of organic waste. United States: N. p., 1979. Web.
Grantham, LeRoy F. Treatment of organic waste. United States.
Grantham, LeRoy F. Mon . "Treatment of organic waste". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/863313.
@article{osti_863313,
title = {Treatment of organic waste},
author = {Grantham, LeRoy F.},
abstractNote = {An organic waste containing at least one element selected from the group consisting of strontium, cesium, iodine and ruthenium is treated to achieve a substantial reduction in the volume of the waste and provide for fixation of the selected element in an inert salt. The method of treatment comprises introducing the organic waste and a source of oxygen into a molten salt bath maintained at an elevated temperature to produce solid and gaseous reaction products. The gaseous reaction products comprise carbon dioxide and water vapor, and the solid reaction products comprise the inorganic ash constituents of the organic waste and the selected element which is retained in the molten salt. The molten salt bath comprises one or more alkali metal carbonates, and may optionally include from 1 to about 25 wt.% of an alkali metal sulfate.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1979},
month = {1}
}

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