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Title: Method of design for vertical oil shale retorting vessels and retorting therewith

Abstract

A method of designing the gas flow parameters of a vertical shaft oil shale retorting vessel involves determining the proportion of gas introduced in the bottom of the vessel and into intermediate levels in the vessel to provide for lateral distribution of gas across the vessel cross section, providing mixing with the uprising gas, and determining the limiting velocity of the gas through each nozzle. The total quantity of gas necessary for oil shale treatment in the vessel may be determined and the proportion to be injected into each level is then determined based on the velocity relation of the orifice velocity and its feeder manifold gas velocity. A limitation is placed on the velocity of gas issuing from an orifice by the nature of the solid being treated, usually physical tests of gas velocity impinging the solid.

Inventors:
 [1]
  1. Rifle, CO
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
Development Engineering, Incorporated
OSTI Identifier:
862986
Patent Number(s):
4066529
Application Number:
05/684,001
Assignee:
Paraho Corporation (Grand Junction, CO)
Patent Classifications (CPCs):
C - CHEMISTRY C10 - PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES C10G - CRACKING HYDROCARBON OILS
C - CHEMISTRY C10 - PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES C10B - DESTRUCTIVE DISTILLATION OF CARBONAGEOUS MATERIALS FOR PRODUCTION OF GAS, COKE, TAR, OR SIMILAR MATERIALS
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
method; design; vertical; oil; shale; retorting; vessels; therewith; designing; gas; flow; parameters; shaft; vessel; involves; determining; proportion; introduced; bottom; intermediate; levels; provide; lateral; distribution; section; providing; mixing; uprising; limiting; velocity; nozzle; total; quantity; treatment; determined; injected; level; based; relation; orifice; feeder; manifold; limitation; placed; issuing; nature; solid; treated; physical; tests; impinging; shale retort; gas flow; oil shale; gas velocity; shale retorting; determined based; vertical shaft; total quantity; gas introduced; velocity relation; flow parameters; retorting vessel; manifold gas; /208/201/

Citation Formats

Reeves, Adam A. Method of design for vertical oil shale retorting vessels and retorting therewith. United States: N. p., 1978. Web.
Reeves, Adam A. Method of design for vertical oil shale retorting vessels and retorting therewith. United States.
Reeves, Adam A. Tue . "Method of design for vertical oil shale retorting vessels and retorting therewith". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/862986.
@article{osti_862986,
title = {Method of design for vertical oil shale retorting vessels and retorting therewith},
author = {Reeves, Adam A},
abstractNote = {A method of designing the gas flow parameters of a vertical shaft oil shale retorting vessel involves determining the proportion of gas introduced in the bottom of the vessel and into intermediate levels in the vessel to provide for lateral distribution of gas across the vessel cross section, providing mixing with the uprising gas, and determining the limiting velocity of the gas through each nozzle. The total quantity of gas necessary for oil shale treatment in the vessel may be determined and the proportion to be injected into each level is then determined based on the velocity relation of the orifice velocity and its feeder manifold gas velocity. A limitation is placed on the velocity of gas issuing from an orifice by the nature of the solid being treated, usually physical tests of gas velocity impinging the solid.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1978},
month = {1}
}

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