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Title: Hydrogenation apparatus

Abstract

Hydrogenation reaction apparatus is described comprising a housing having walls which define a reaction zone and conduits for introducing streams of hydrogen and oxygen into the reaction zone, the oxygen being introduced into a central portion of the hydrogen stream to maintain a boundary layer of hydrogen along the walls of the reaction zone. A portion of the hydrogen and all of the oxygen react to produce a heated gas stream having a temperature within the range of from 1,100 to 1,900 C, while the boundary layer of hydrogen maintains the wall temperature at a substantially lower temperature. The heated gas stream is introduced into a hydrogenation reaction zone and provides the source of heat and hydrogen for a hydrogenation reaction. There also is provided means for quenching the products of the hydrogenation reaction. The present invention is particularly suitable for the hydrogenation of low-value solid carbonaceous materials to provide high yields of more valuable liquid and gaseous products. 2 figs.

Inventors:
; ;
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
Rockwell International Corp., El Segundo, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
7262832
Patent Number(s):
4275034 A
Application Number:
PPN: US 6-071897
Assignee:
Rockwell International Corp., El Segundo, CA (United States) OSTI; EDB-94-121111
DOE Contract Number:  
EX-76-C-01-2044
Resource Type:
Patent
Resource Relation:
Patent File Date: 4 Sep 1979
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
01 COAL, LIGNITE, AND PEAT; CARBONACEOUS MATERIALS; HYDROGENATION; CHEMICAL REACTORS; DESIGN; COAL LIQUEFACTION; CALORIFIC VALUE; COAL GAS; COAL LIQUIDS; GAS FLOW; OPERATION; TEMPERATURE CONTROL; CHEMICAL REACTIONS; COMBUSTION PROPERTIES; CONTROL; FLUID FLOW; FLUIDS; GASES; LIQUEFACTION; LIQUIDS; MATERIALS; PYROLYSIS PRODUCTS; THERMOCHEMICAL PROCESSES; 010405* - Coal, Lignite, & Peat- Hydrogenation & Liquefaction

Citation Formats

Friedman, J., Oberg, C. L., and Russell, L. H. Hydrogenation apparatus. United States: N. p., 1981. Web.
Friedman, J., Oberg, C. L., & Russell, L. H. Hydrogenation apparatus. United States.
Friedman, J., Oberg, C. L., and Russell, L. H. Tue . "Hydrogenation apparatus". United States.
@article{osti_7262832,
title = {Hydrogenation apparatus},
author = {Friedman, J. and Oberg, C. L. and Russell, L. H.},
abstractNote = {Hydrogenation reaction apparatus is described comprising a housing having walls which define a reaction zone and conduits for introducing streams of hydrogen and oxygen into the reaction zone, the oxygen being introduced into a central portion of the hydrogen stream to maintain a boundary layer of hydrogen along the walls of the reaction zone. A portion of the hydrogen and all of the oxygen react to produce a heated gas stream having a temperature within the range of from 1,100 to 1,900 C, while the boundary layer of hydrogen maintains the wall temperature at a substantially lower temperature. The heated gas stream is introduced into a hydrogenation reaction zone and provides the source of heat and hydrogen for a hydrogenation reaction. There also is provided means for quenching the products of the hydrogenation reaction. The present invention is particularly suitable for the hydrogenation of low-value solid carbonaceous materials to provide high yields of more valuable liquid and gaseous products. 2 figs.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1981},
month = {6}
}