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Title: Polycrystalline semiconductor processing

Abstract

A process is described for forming large-grain polycrystalline films from amorphous films for use as photovoltaic devices. The process operates on the amorphous film and uses the driving force inherent to the transition from the amorphous state to the crystalline state as the force which drives the grain growth process. The resultant polycrystalline film is characterized by a grain size that is greater than the thickness of the film. A thin amorphous film is deposited on a substrate. The formation of a plurality of crystalline embryos is induced in the amorphous film at predetermined spaced apart locations and nucleation is inhibited elsewhere in the film. The crystalline embryos are caused to grow in the amorphous film, without further nucleation occurring in the film, until the growth of the embryos is halted by impingement on adjacently growing embryos. The process is applicable to both batch and continuous processing techniques. In either type of process, the thin amorphous film is sequentially doped with p and n type dopants. Doping is effected either before or after the formation and growth of the crystalline embryos in the amorphous film, or during a continuously proceeding crystallization step. 10 figs.

Inventors:
; ;
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
OSTI Identifier:
7256468
Patent Number(s):
4379020 A
Application Number:
PPN: US 6-311850
Assignee:
Massachusetts Inst. of Tech., Cambridge, MA (United States) CHO; EDB-94-124464
DOE Contract Number:  
FG02-79ET00081
Resource Type:
Patent
Resource Relation:
Patent File Date: 16 Oct 1981
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 14 SOLAR ENERGY; PHOTOVOLTAIC CELLS; SEMICONDUCTOR MATERIALS; FABRICATION; AMORPHOUS STATE; DOPED MATERIALS; N-TYPE CONDUCTORS; P-TYPE CONDUCTORS; PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS; POLYCRYSTALS; CRYSTALS; DIRECT ENERGY CONVERTERS; MATERIALS; PHOTOELECTRIC CELLS; 360601* - Other Materials- Preparation & Manufacture; 140501 - Solar Energy Conversion- Photovoltaic Conversion

Citation Formats

Glaeser, A.M., Haggerty, J.S., and Danforth, S.C. Polycrystalline semiconductor processing. United States: N. p., 1983. Web.
Glaeser, A.M., Haggerty, J.S., & Danforth, S.C. Polycrystalline semiconductor processing. United States.
Glaeser, A.M., Haggerty, J.S., and Danforth, S.C. Tue . "Polycrystalline semiconductor processing". United States.
@article{osti_7256468,
title = {Polycrystalline semiconductor processing},
author = {Glaeser, A.M. and Haggerty, J.S. and Danforth, S.C.},
abstractNote = {A process is described for forming large-grain polycrystalline films from amorphous films for use as photovoltaic devices. The process operates on the amorphous film and uses the driving force inherent to the transition from the amorphous state to the crystalline state as the force which drives the grain growth process. The resultant polycrystalline film is characterized by a grain size that is greater than the thickness of the film. A thin amorphous film is deposited on a substrate. The formation of a plurality of crystalline embryos is induced in the amorphous film at predetermined spaced apart locations and nucleation is inhibited elsewhere in the film. The crystalline embryos are caused to grow in the amorphous film, without further nucleation occurring in the film, until the growth of the embryos is halted by impingement on adjacently growing embryos. The process is applicable to both batch and continuous processing techniques. In either type of process, the thin amorphous film is sequentially doped with p and n type dopants. Doping is effected either before or after the formation and growth of the crystalline embryos in the amorphous film, or during a continuously proceeding crystallization step. 10 figs.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1983},
month = {4}
}