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Title: Method and system for ethanol production

Abstract

A transition metal carbonyl and a tertiary amine are employed as a homogeneous catalytic system in methanol or a less volatile solvent to react methanol with carbon monoxide and hydrogen gas producing ethanol and carbon dioxide. The gas contains a high carbon monoxide to hydrogen ratio as is present in a typical gasifier product. The reaction has potential for anhydrous ethanol production as carbon dioxide rather than water is produced. The only other significant by-product is methane. Selected transition metal carbonyls include those of iron, ruthenium and possibly manganese and osmium. Selected amines include trimethylamine, N-Methylpyrrolidine, 24-diazabicyclooctane, dimethyneopentylamine and 2-pryidinol.

Inventors:
;
Issue Date:
OSTI Identifier:
6890948
Assignee:
Dept. of Energy
DOE Contract Number:  
W-31-109-ENG-38
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
10 SYNTHETIC FUELS; AMINES; CATALYTIC EFFECTS; CARBON MONOXIDE; CHEMICAL REACTIONS; CARBONYLS; ETHANOL; PRODUCTION; HYDROGEN; IRON COMPOUNDS; MANGANESE COMPOUNDS; METHANOL; OSMIUM COMPOUNDS; RUTHENIUM COMPOUNDS; DESIGN; EQUIPMENT; HETEROCYCLIC COMPOUNDS; ORGANIC NITROGEN COMPOUNDS; PYRROLIDINES; ALCOHOLS; AZOLES; CARBON COMPOUNDS; CARBON OXIDES; CHALCOGENIDES; ELEMENTS; HYDROXY COMPOUNDS; NONMETALS; ORGANIC COMPOUNDS; OXIDES; OXYGEN COMPOUNDS; PYRROLES; TRANSITION ELEMENT COMPOUNDS; 090221* - Alcohol Fuels- Chemical Synthesis- (1976-1989)

Citation Formats

Feder, H M, and Chen, M J. Method and system for ethanol production. United States: N. p., 1980. Web.
Feder, H M, & Chen, M J. Method and system for ethanol production. United States.
Feder, H M, and Chen, M J. Wed . "Method and system for ethanol production". United States.
@article{osti_6890948,
title = {Method and system for ethanol production},
author = {Feder, H M and Chen, M J},
abstractNote = {A transition metal carbonyl and a tertiary amine are employed as a homogeneous catalytic system in methanol or a less volatile solvent to react methanol with carbon monoxide and hydrogen gas producing ethanol and carbon dioxide. The gas contains a high carbon monoxide to hydrogen ratio as is present in a typical gasifier product. The reaction has potential for anhydrous ethanol production as carbon dioxide rather than water is produced. The only other significant by-product is methane. Selected transition metal carbonyls include those of iron, ruthenium and possibly manganese and osmium. Selected amines include trimethylamine, N-Methylpyrrolidine, 24-diazabicyclooctane, dimethyneopentylamine and 2-pryidinol.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1980},
month = {5}
}